Role of nucleotide excision repair in processing of O4-alkylthymines in human cells.
AuthorsKlein, J C
Bleeker, M J
Roelen, H C
Rafferty, Joseph A
Margison, Geoffrey P
Brugghe, H F
Van den Elst, H
Van der Marel, G A
Van Boom, J H
AffiliationDivision of Molecular Carcinogenesis, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam.
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractO4-Alkylthymines have been implicated as potential carcinogenic DNA lesions. We have studied the effects of O4-methylthymine, O4-ethylthymine, and O4-n-propylthymine in a model system in which a single lesion was located at a defined position on a SV40-based shuttle vector and have found large differences in the effects of these lesions in repair-proficient and nucleotide excision repair-deficient cells. In repair-competent human HeLa cells, normal fibroblasts, and XP-A (2OS) revertant cells, all 3 residues were highly mutagenic; a mutation frequency of approximately 20% was found for both O4-methylthymine and O4-ethylthymine, whereas that of O4-n-propylthymine was approximately 12%. These frequencies were independent of the activity of the O6-alkylguanine DNA alkyltransferase. All three O4-alkylthymines induced T-->C transitions exclusively. In nucleotide excision repair-deficient XP-A cells, however, these lesions were not mutagenic but strongly inhibited plasmid replication (> 90%). These results indicate that O4-alkylthymines are efficiently recognized by the nucleotide excision repair system and cause a complete cessation of plasmid replication if this system is deficient. Nevertheless, proficiency in the nucleotide excision repair pathway correlates with a high frequency of mutation induction by these lesions.
CitationRole of nucleotide excision repair in processing of O4-alkylthymines in human cells. 1994, 269 (41):25521-8 J. Biol. Chem.
JournalThe Journal of Biological chemistry
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