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dc.contributor.authorZhang, Cen
dc.contributor.authorJenkins, Hen
dc.contributor.authorGoldberg, Martin Wen
dc.contributor.authorAllen, Terence Den
dc.contributor.authorHutchison, C Jen
dc.date.accessioned2010-04-07T10:49:19Z
dc.date.available2010-04-07T10:49:19Z
dc.date.issued1996-09
dc.identifier.citationNuclear lamina and nuclear matrix organization in sperm pronuclei assembled in Xenopus egg extract. 1996, 109 ( Pt 9):2275-86 J. Cell. Sci.en
dc.identifier.issn0021-9533
dc.identifier.pmid8886978
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10541/95830
dc.description.abstractNuclear lamina and matrices were prepared from sperm pronuclei assembled in Xenopus egg extracts using a fractionation and extraction procedure. Indirect immunofluorescence revealed that while chromatin was efficiently removed from nuclei during the extraction procedure, the distribution of lamins was unaffected. Consistent with this data, the amount of lamin B3, determined by immunoblotting, was not affected through the extraction procedure. Nuclear matrices were visualised in DGD sections by TEM. Within these sections filaments were observed both at the boundary of the nucleus (the lamina) and within the body of the nucleus (internal nuclear matrix filaments). To improve resolution, nuclear matrices were also prepared as whole mounts and viewed using field emission in lens scanning electron microscopy (FEISEM). This technique revealed two distinct networks of filaments. Filaments lying at the surface of nuclear matrices interconnected nuclear pores. These filaments were readily labelled with monoclonal anti-lamin B3 antibodies. Filaments lying within the body of the nuclear matrix were highly branched but were not readily labelled with antilamin B3 antibodies. Nuclear matrices were also prepared from sperm pronuclei assembled in lamin B3 depleted extracts. Using FEISEM, filaments were also detected in these preparations. However, these filaments were poorly organised and often appeared to aggregate. To confirm these results nuclear matrices were also observed as whole mounts using TEM. Nuclear matrices prepared from control nuclei contained a dense array of interconnected filaments. Many (but not all) of these filaments were labelled with anti-lamin B3 antibodies. In contrast, nuclear matrices prepared from "lamin depleted nuclei' contained poorly organised or aggregated filaments which were not specifically labelled with anti-lamin B3 antibodies.
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subject.meshAnimals
dc.subject.meshFemale
dc.subject.meshFluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect
dc.subject.meshIntermediate Filament Proteins
dc.subject.meshLamin Type B
dc.subject.meshMale
dc.subject.meshMicroscopy, Electron, Scanning
dc.subject.meshNuclear Envelope
dc.subject.meshNuclear Matrix
dc.subject.meshNuclear Proteins
dc.subject.meshOvum
dc.subject.meshSpermatozoa
dc.subject.meshXenopus
dc.titleNuclear lamina and nuclear matrix organization in sperm pronuclei assembled in Xenopus egg extract.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Biological Sciences, University of Dundee, Scotland, UK.en
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Cell Scienceen
html.description.abstractNuclear lamina and matrices were prepared from sperm pronuclei assembled in Xenopus egg extracts using a fractionation and extraction procedure. Indirect immunofluorescence revealed that while chromatin was efficiently removed from nuclei during the extraction procedure, the distribution of lamins was unaffected. Consistent with this data, the amount of lamin B3, determined by immunoblotting, was not affected through the extraction procedure. Nuclear matrices were visualised in DGD sections by TEM. Within these sections filaments were observed both at the boundary of the nucleus (the lamina) and within the body of the nucleus (internal nuclear matrix filaments). To improve resolution, nuclear matrices were also prepared as whole mounts and viewed using field emission in lens scanning electron microscopy (FEISEM). This technique revealed two distinct networks of filaments. Filaments lying at the surface of nuclear matrices interconnected nuclear pores. These filaments were readily labelled with monoclonal anti-lamin B3 antibodies. Filaments lying within the body of the nuclear matrix were highly branched but were not readily labelled with antilamin B3 antibodies. Nuclear matrices were also prepared from sperm pronuclei assembled in lamin B3 depleted extracts. Using FEISEM, filaments were also detected in these preparations. However, these filaments were poorly organised and often appeared to aggregate. To confirm these results nuclear matrices were also observed as whole mounts using TEM. Nuclear matrices prepared from control nuclei contained a dense array of interconnected filaments. Many (but not all) of these filaments were labelled with anti-lamin B3 antibodies. In contrast, nuclear matrices prepared from "lamin depleted nuclei' contained poorly organised or aggregated filaments which were not specifically labelled with anti-lamin B3 antibodies.


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