Evaluation of cytogenetic conversion to Ph- haemopoiesis in long-term bone marrow culture for patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia on conventional hydroxyurea therapy, on pulse high-dose hydroxyurea and on interferon-alpha.
AuthorsCoutinho, Lucia H
Brereton, M L
Santos, A M
Ryder, W David J
Harrison, Christine J
Yin, J A
Dexter, T Michael
Testa, Nydia G
AffiliationCRC Department of Experimental Haematology, Christie Hospital NHS Trust, Manchester.
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AbstractLong-term bone marrow culture (LTBMC) has been used successfully in autologous transplantation in chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). However, variation between patients in the recovery of Ph- cells in culture limits the application of this procedure to a minority. Treatment that effectively reduces in vivo tumour burden prior to initiation of LTBMC may improve the selection of Ph- cells in culture. To test this hypothesis we evaluated the frequency and degree of cytogenetic conversion to Ph- haemopoiesis in LTBMC from four independent groups of CML patients: Untreated (n = 19); conventional dosage of hydroxyurea (HU) (n = 10); pulse high-dose HU (P-HU) (n = 22) and interferon (IFN)-alpha (n = 12). In this study IFN-alpha therapy resulted in a significantly higher incidence of patients with detectable Ph- clonogenic cells in the marrow (P = 0.01) and with > or = 50% Ph- haemopoiesis in LTBMC as compared to newly diagnosed patients (P = 0.05). Also, sequential culture studies undertaken in 14 CML patients at diagnosis and following the start of pulse highdose HU therapy showed that in eight patients the average proportion of Ph- metaphases detected in LTBMC substantially increased from 1.7% (range 0-7) at diagnosis to levels of 71% (range 14-100) after treatment. Therefore we conclude that the use of IFN or pulse high-dose HU in early stage disease appears to create an opportunity to harvest the marrow for long-term culture (LTC) purging with reduced leukaaemic burden.
CitationEvaluation of cytogenetic conversion to Ph- haemopoiesis in long-term bone marrow culture for patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia on conventional hydroxyurea therapy, on pulse high-dose hydroxyurea and on interferon-alpha. 1996, 93 (4):869-77 Br. J. Haematol.
JournalBritish Journal of Haematology
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