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dc.contributor.authorHaque, Kemalen
dc.contributor.authorCooper, Donald Pen
dc.contributor.authorVan Delft, J Hen
dc.contributor.authorLee, Siow Mingen
dc.contributor.authorPovey, Andrew Cen
dc.date.accessioned2010-03-30T13:54:58Z
dc.date.available2010-03-30T13:54:58Z
dc.date.issued1997-06
dc.identifier.citationAccurate and sensitive quantitation of N7-methyldeoxyguanosine-3'-monophosphate by 32P-postlabeling and storage-phosphor imaging. 1997, 10 (6):660-6 Chem. Res. Toxicol.en
dc.identifier.issn0893-228X
dc.identifier.pmid9208172
dc.identifier.doi10.1021/tx9601723
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10541/95248
dc.description.abstractAs N7-methyldeoxyguanosine-3'-monophosphate (N7-MedGp) is the major, persistent DNA lesion generated by methylating agents, a combined HPLC/32P-postlabeling assay has been developed to quantitate this adduct in human DNA. N7-MedGp was purified from normal nucleotides by anion-exchange chromatography followed by reverse-phase HPLC procedures. The adduct was then 32P-postlabeled and resolved by two-dimensional TLC for detection and quantitation by storage-phosphor imaging. The effect of conditions used for DNA purification and digestion on the recovery of N7-MedGp has been investigated. Extended, raised temperature incubations normally employed during DNA purification were demonstrated to result in considerable loss of adduct through depurination after 22 h at 65 and 37 degrees C (82% and 20% loss, respectively), but depurination was reduced to 5% if the incubation was performed at either 4 or 22 degrees C. Similarly, close to optical recovery (83%) of N7-MedGp was achieved after DNA digestion by incubating at 4 degrees C, pH 7.4, for 18 h in the presence of micrococcal nuclease and calf spleen phosphodiesterase from Sigma and Boehringer Mannheim, respectively. Overall, the recovery of N7-MedGp was 40%, resulting in a detection limit of 1.3 fmol which is equivalent to 0.16 mumol of adduct/mol of 2'-deoxyguanosine-3'-monophosphate (dGp) when analyzing 10 micrograms of DNA. The N7-MedGp content of DNA that had been methylated in vitro using 0, 16, and 80 microM N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (NMU) was determined by 32P-postlabeling to be 12, 112, and 671 mumol of N7-MedGp/mol of dGp. Electrochemical detection of N7-methylguanine (N7-MeG) after HPLC purification measured approximately 2-fold higher levels, i.e., 25, 225, and 1080 mumol of N7-MeG/mol of Gua, at each NMU concentration, respectively. The levels of N7-MedGp in the white blood cell (WBC) DNA of patients receiving a single dose of 5-(3,3-dimethyl-1-triazeno)imidazole-4-carboxamide (DTIC) chemotherapy were determined by 32P-postlabeling. Maximum levels were found 4-6 h after treatment, and in two out of four individuals adduct levels were decreased by 21 h. Prior to treatment, N7-MedGp was detectable in WBC DNA in two out of the four individuals indicating that nontherapeutic exposure to methylating agents had occurred.
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subject.meshAnimals
dc.subject.meshAutoradiography
dc.subject.meshChromatography, High Pressure Liquid
dc.subject.meshDNA
dc.subject.meshDNA Adducts
dc.subject.meshDeoxyguanine Nucleotides
dc.subject.meshHumans
dc.subject.meshImage Processing, Computer-Assisted
dc.subject.meshIsotope Labeling
dc.subject.meshPhosphorus Radioisotopes
dc.subject.meshRadiographic Image Enhancement
dc.subject.meshReproducibility of Results
dc.subject.meshSensitivity and Specificity
dc.titleAccurate and sensitive quantitation of N7-methyldeoxyguanosine-3'-monophosphate by 32P-postlabeling and storage-phosphor imaging.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentCancer Research Campaign Department of Carcinogenesis and Medical Oncology, Paterson Institute for Cancer Research, Christie Hospital NHS Trust, Manchester, U.K.en
dc.identifier.journalChemical Research in Toxicologyen
html.description.abstractAs N7-methyldeoxyguanosine-3'-monophosphate (N7-MedGp) is the major, persistent DNA lesion generated by methylating agents, a combined HPLC/32P-postlabeling assay has been developed to quantitate this adduct in human DNA. N7-MedGp was purified from normal nucleotides by anion-exchange chromatography followed by reverse-phase HPLC procedures. The adduct was then 32P-postlabeled and resolved by two-dimensional TLC for detection and quantitation by storage-phosphor imaging. The effect of conditions used for DNA purification and digestion on the recovery of N7-MedGp has been investigated. Extended, raised temperature incubations normally employed during DNA purification were demonstrated to result in considerable loss of adduct through depurination after 22 h at 65 and 37 degrees C (82% and 20% loss, respectively), but depurination was reduced to 5% if the incubation was performed at either 4 or 22 degrees C. Similarly, close to optical recovery (83%) of N7-MedGp was achieved after DNA digestion by incubating at 4 degrees C, pH 7.4, for 18 h in the presence of micrococcal nuclease and calf spleen phosphodiesterase from Sigma and Boehringer Mannheim, respectively. Overall, the recovery of N7-MedGp was 40%, resulting in a detection limit of 1.3 fmol which is equivalent to 0.16 mumol of adduct/mol of 2'-deoxyguanosine-3'-monophosphate (dGp) when analyzing 10 micrograms of DNA. The N7-MedGp content of DNA that had been methylated in vitro using 0, 16, and 80 microM N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (NMU) was determined by 32P-postlabeling to be 12, 112, and 671 mumol of N7-MedGp/mol of dGp. Electrochemical detection of N7-methylguanine (N7-MeG) after HPLC purification measured approximately 2-fold higher levels, i.e., 25, 225, and 1080 mumol of N7-MeG/mol of Gua, at each NMU concentration, respectively. The levels of N7-MedGp in the white blood cell (WBC) DNA of patients receiving a single dose of 5-(3,3-dimethyl-1-triazeno)imidazole-4-carboxamide (DTIC) chemotherapy were determined by 32P-postlabeling. Maximum levels were found 4-6 h after treatment, and in two out of four individuals adduct levels were decreased by 21 h. Prior to treatment, N7-MedGp was detectable in WBC DNA in two out of the four individuals indicating that nontherapeutic exposure to methylating agents had occurred.


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