Targeted deletion of alkylpurine-DNA-N-glycosylase in mice eliminates repair of 1,N6-ethenoadenine and hypoxanthine but not of 3,N4-ethenocytosine or 8-oxoguanine.
AffiliationDonner Laboratory, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of California, 94720, USA.
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AbstractIt has previously been reported that 1,N6-ethenoadenine (epsilonA), deaminated adenine (hypoxanthine, Hx), and 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG), but not 3,N4-ethenocytosine (epsilonC), are released from DNA in vitro by the DNA repair enzyme alkylpurine-DNA-N-glycosylase (APNG). To assess the potential contribution of APNG to the repair of each of these mutagenic lesions in vivo, we have used cell-free extracts of tissues from APNG-null mutant mice and wild-type controls. The ability of these extracts to cleave defined oligomers containing a single modified base was determined. The results showed that both testes and liver cells of these knockout mice completely lacked activity toward oligonucleotides containing epsilonA and Hx, but retained wild-type levels of activity for epsilonC and 8-oxoG. These findings indicate that (i) the previously identified epsilonA-DNA glycosylase and Hx-DNA glycosylase activities are functions of APNG; (ii) the two structurally closely related mutagenic adducts epsilonA and epsilonC are repaired by separate gene products; and (iii) APNG does not contribute detectably to the repair of 8-oxoG.
CitationTargeted deletion of alkylpurine-DNA-N-glycosylase in mice eliminates repair of 1,N6-ethenoadenine and hypoxanthine but not of 3,N4-ethenocytosine or 8-oxoguanine. 1997, 94 (24):12869-74 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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