Interaction of heparan sulfate from mammary cells with acidic fibroblast growth factor (FGF) and basic FGF. Regulation of the activity of basic FGF by high and low affinity binding sites in heparan sulfate.
AffiliationSchool of Biological Sciences, Life Sciences Building, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool L69 7ZB, United Kingdom.
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AbstractWe have determined the relationship between the binding sites for acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF) and basic FGF (bFGF) in heparan sulfate (HS) prepared from a panel of mammary cell lines and the ability of the HS to activate aFGF and bFGF in DNA synthesis assays. The ka of the HS for aFGF fell into three groups, whereas the kd (0.0015-0.016 s-1) and the Kd (0.4-8.6 microM) formed a continuum. bFGF possessed a high affinity binding site (Kd 22-30 nM) with a fast ka (320,000-550,000 M-1 s-1), termed "fast/high," and a lower affinity site (Kd 47-320 nM) with a slower ka (35,000-150,000 M-1 s-1), termed "slow/low." Most of the species of HS possessed the latter binding site, which was able to activate bFGF in HS-deficient fibroblasts. However, the HS from the culture medium of the mammary fibroblasts and the myoepithelial-like cells possessed both a fast/high and a slow/low binding site and could not activate bFGF, although it could potentiate the growth-stimulatory activity of aFGF. Treatment of the HS possessing two binding sites for bFGF with heparitinase 1 released oligosaccharides that were able to restore the activity of bFGF in HS-deficient fibroblasts.
CitationInteraction of heparan sulfate from mammary cells with acidic fibroblast growth factor (FGF) and basic FGF. Regulation of the activity of basic FGF by high and low affinity binding sites in heparan sulfate. 1998, 273 (13):7303-10 J. Biol. Chem.
JournalThe Journal of Biological Chemistry
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