Tritiated thymidine and bromodeoxyuridine double-labelling studies on growth factors and oral epithelial proliferation in the mouse.
AffiliationOral and MaxilloFacial Surgery, The Dental School, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.
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AbstractMouse tongue epithelium is characterized by a circadian variation in the number of cells undergoing DNA synthesis. Groups of male BDF1 mice were followed over 48 h and a double-labelling method with tritiated thymidine and bromodeoxyuridine used to determine S-phase labelling indices, together with cell influx to and cell efflux from S, at 4-hourly time points. Control animals exhibited diurnal peaks in labelling index at 03:00 with trough activity 12 h later at 15:00. Cell influx peaked at 23:00 with troughs occurring between 11:00 to 15:00. Peak cell efflux occurred at 07:00 with trough activity at 19:00. Animals injected with epidermal growth factor at 05:00 demonstrated a significant fall in both influx and efflux throughout the 48-h period (P < 0.001), but with preservation of labelling indices, suggesting a slower transit of cells through S-phase, whereas epidermal growth factor injected at 15:00 only produced a significant rise in cell-efflux values. Adrenergic stimulation by intravenous phenylephrine/isoprenaline injection at both 05:00 and 15:00 resulted in a significant rise in cell efflux (P < 0.001), although there was also a rise in labelling index in the 15:00 group (P < 0.001). Animals injected with calmodulin at 05:00 demonstrated a significant reduction in labelling index throughout the 48-h period (P < 0.001), but maintained control values for cell influx and efflux, suggesting faster transit of cells through S. Calmodulin injection at 15:00 produced only a significant reduction in cell influx (P < 0.001). Administration of exogenous growth factors significantly alters the normal rhythmical proliferation of oral epithelial cells in a mouse model. These effects appear to be both growth factor- and time-dependent, and may have both physiological and pathological implications.
CitationTritiated thymidine and bromodeoxyuridine double-labelling studies on growth factors and oral epithelial proliferation in the mouse. 1999, 44 (9):721-34 Arch. Oral Biol.
JournalArchives of Oral Biology