Mapping dynamic epithelial cell proliferative activity within the oral cavity of man: a new insight into carcinogenesis?
AffiliationDepartment of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, The Dental School, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.
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AbstractOur aim was to characterize epithelial cell proliferative activity within the oral cavity and to find out if there were differences between sites with high and low incidence of cancer. A total of 105 samples of clinically normal mucosa were harvested from various intra-oral sites. Excised specimens were incubated in vitro with tritiated thymidine and bromodeoxyuridine to 'double label' cells undergoing DNA synthesis, and enable calculation of the duration of S phase and estimation of variables of cell flux to and from S. Mean labelling indices (percentage of cells within the S phase of the cell cycle) were highest in the floor of mouth (12.3%) and ventral tongue (10.1%), while activity was lowest in the dorsum of tongue (4.3%) and the palate (7.2%), P<0.001. In general, both cell influx and the duration of S increased proportionally to the labelling index. Sites with a high incidence of cancer were characterized by high labelling indices, increased cell influx and a prolonged S phase.
CitationMapping dynamic epithelial cell proliferative activity within the oral cavity of man: a new insight into carcinogenesis? 1999, 37 (5):377-83 Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg
JournalThe British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery