Clinico-pathological and treatment-related factors influencing survival in parotid cancer.
AffiliationDepartment of Surgery, Christie Hospital NHS Trust, Manchester, UK.
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AbstractOne hundred and three patients with primary parotid cancer treated surgically at the Christie Hospital, Manchester (1952-1992), were analysed to assess the influence on survival of prognostic and treatment-related factors. Thirty-seven patients were treated by surgery alone (SG), 66 received post-operative radiation (SG+RT). Median follow-up was 12 years, minimum 5 years. The 10-year disease-specific survival rates for stage I, II and III/IV were 96%, 61% and 17% respectively (P < 0.0001). The various histological types segregated into three survival patterns: low-, intermediate-and high-grade with 10-year survival rates of 93%, 41% and 50% respectively (P < 0.0001). On multivariate analysis, the factors influencing risk of cancer death in order of importance were: tumour size > 4 cm (P < 0.001), presence of nodes (P = 0.001), histology of adenoid cystic carcinoma (P = 0.01), high-tumour grade (P = 0.02) and perineural involvement (P = 0.01). Neither the extent of surgery nor the operator influenced outcome. Overall, adjuvant RT significantly reduced locoregional recurrence (SG+RT 15% vs SG 43%; P = 0.002) but not survival, although on subanalysis, there was a trend to improved survival with large cancers and high-grade tumours. Long-term survival is determined primarily by tumour characteristics, namely clinical stage and grade. Post-operative RT contributes significantly to locoregional control and probably confers some survival advantage in high-risk patients.
CitationClinico-pathological and treatment-related factors influencing survival in parotid cancer. 1999, 80 (8):1296-300 Br. J. Cancer
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer