Fibroblast growth factor-2 stimulation of p42/44MAPK phosphorylation and IkappaB degradation is regulated by heparan sulfate/heparin in rat mammary fibroblasts.
Rudland, Philip S
Fernig, David G
AffiliationSchool of Biological Sciences, Life Sciences Building, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool L69 7ZB, United Kingdom.
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AbstractFibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) interacts with a dual receptor system consisting of tyrosine kinase receptors and heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs). In rat mammary fibroblasts, FGF-2 stimulated DNA synthesis and induced a sustained phosphorylation of p42/44(MAPK) and of its downstream target, p90(RSK). Moreover, FGF-2 also stimulated the transient degradation of IkappaBalpha and IkappaBbeta. PD098059, a specific inhibitor of p42/44(MAPK) phosphorylation, inhibited FGF-2-stimulated DNA synthesis, phosphorylation of p42/44(MAPK) and p90(RSK), and degradation of IkappaBbeta. In contrast, in chlorate-treated and hence sulfated glycosaminoglycan-deficient cells, FGF-2 was unable to stimulate DNA synthesis. However, FGF-2 was able to trigger a transient phosphorylation of both p42/44(MAPK) and p90(RSK), which peaked at 15 min and returned to control levels at 30 min. In these sulfated glycosaminoglycan-deficient cells, no degradation of IkappaBalpha and IkappaBbeta was observed after FGF-2 addition. However, in chlorate-treated cells, the addition of heparin or purified HSPGs simultaneously with FGF-2 restored DNA synthesis, the sustained phosphorylation of p42/44(MAPK) and p90(RSK), and the degradation of IkappaBalpha and IkappaBbeta. These results suggest that the HSPG receptor for FGF-2 not only influences the outcome of FGF-2 signaling, e.g. cell proliferation, but importantly regulates the immediate-early signals generated by this growth factor.
CitationFibroblast growth factor-2 stimulation of p42/44MAPK phosphorylation and IkappaB degradation is regulated by heparan sulfate/heparin in rat mammary fibroblasts. 2000, 275 (43):33905-10 J. Biol. Chem.
JournalThe Journal of Biological Chemistry