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dc.contributor.authorMiddleton, Mark R
dc.contributor.authorKelly, Jane
dc.contributor.authorGoodger, Sarah J
dc.contributor.authorThatcher, Nick
dc.contributor.authorMargison, Geoffrey P
dc.date.accessioned2009-11-23T11:43:16Z
dc.date.available2009-11-23T11:43:16Z
dc.date.issued2000
dc.identifier.citationFour-hourly scheduling of temozolomide improves tumour growth delay but not therapeutic index in A375M melanoma xenografts. 2000, 45 (1):15-20 Cancer Chemother. Pharmacol.en
dc.identifier.issn0344-5704
dc.identifier.pmid10647496
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/PL00006737
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10541/86684
dc.description.abstractPURPOSE: To establish whether temozolomide is more effective against A375M human melanoma xenografts if given every 4 h rather than every 24 h, in order to exploit depletion of the DNA repair protein O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (ATase) by prior doses of the drug. METHODS: ATase depletion in A375M human melanoma xenografts was determined over 24 h after a single dose of temozolomide. The effect of different drug schedules (all of total dose 500 mg/kg) in delaying the growth of the xenografts was tested, and ATase depletion and DNA methylation damage assessed in tumour and normal tissue. RESULTS: Maximal depletion of ATase in tumour, to 2.52 +/- 0.23% of pretreatment levels, occurred 4-8 h after a single 100 mg/kg i.p. dose of temozolomide, with 23.0% recovery of protein levels at 24 h. Scheduling of temozolomide every 4 h increased tumour growth delay (33.6 +/- 1.39 days with temozolomide 100 mg/kg 4-hourly x versus 23.2 +/- 1.43 days with temozolomide 100 mg/kg once daily x 5; P < 0.0001) at the expense of increased toxicity (17.4 +/- 1.55% animal weight loss versus 10.6 +/- 1.27%. respectively). Temozolomide every 4 h did not increase ATase depletion compared with the 5-day schedule, but resulted in greater DNA 06-guanine methylation (29.0% more in tumour, 20.8% in liver and 56.0% in brain, comparing areas under the methylation-time curve). CONCLUSIONS: The 4-hourly schedule of temozolomide delayed tumour growth significantly more than the once-daily and 12-hourly schedules, probably as a result of greater DNA damage inflicted, but also increased toxicity. It remains to be seen if this regimen confers a net benefit over the standard schedule.
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subjectCancer Transplantationen
dc.subjectAlkylating Anticancerous Agentsen
dc.subject.meshAnimals
dc.subject.meshAntineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
dc.subject.meshDacarbazine
dc.subject.meshDrug Administration Schedule
dc.subject.meshGuanine
dc.subject.meshHumans
dc.subject.meshMale
dc.subject.meshMelanoma, Experimental
dc.subject.meshMice
dc.subject.meshMice, Nude
dc.subject.meshNeoplasm Transplantation
dc.subject.meshO(6)-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase
dc.subject.meshTransplantation, Heterologous
dc.titleFour-hourly scheduling of temozolomide improves tumour growth delay but not therapeutic index in A375M melanoma xenografts.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentCancer Research Campaign Department of Medical Oncology, Christie Hospital NHS Trust, Manchester, UK. mmiddleton@picr.man.ac.uken
dc.identifier.journalCancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacologyen
html.description.abstractPURPOSE: To establish whether temozolomide is more effective against A375M human melanoma xenografts if given every 4 h rather than every 24 h, in order to exploit depletion of the DNA repair protein O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (ATase) by prior doses of the drug. METHODS: ATase depletion in A375M human melanoma xenografts was determined over 24 h after a single dose of temozolomide. The effect of different drug schedules (all of total dose 500 mg/kg) in delaying the growth of the xenografts was tested, and ATase depletion and DNA methylation damage assessed in tumour and normal tissue. RESULTS: Maximal depletion of ATase in tumour, to 2.52 +/- 0.23% of pretreatment levels, occurred 4-8 h after a single 100 mg/kg i.p. dose of temozolomide, with 23.0% recovery of protein levels at 24 h. Scheduling of temozolomide every 4 h increased tumour growth delay (33.6 +/- 1.39 days with temozolomide 100 mg/kg 4-hourly x versus 23.2 +/- 1.43 days with temozolomide 100 mg/kg once daily x 5; P < 0.0001) at the expense of increased toxicity (17.4 +/- 1.55% animal weight loss versus 10.6 +/- 1.27%. respectively). Temozolomide every 4 h did not increase ATase depletion compared with the 5-day schedule, but resulted in greater DNA 06-guanine methylation (29.0% more in tumour, 20.8% in liver and 56.0% in brain, comparing areas under the methylation-time curve). CONCLUSIONS: The 4-hourly schedule of temozolomide delayed tumour growth significantly more than the once-daily and 12-hourly schedules, probably as a result of greater DNA damage inflicted, but also increased toxicity. It remains to be seen if this regimen confers a net benefit over the standard schedule.


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