Cord blood G(0) CD34+ cells have a thousand-fold higher capacity for generating progenitors in vitro than G(1) CD34+ cells.
AffiliationCRC Experimental Haematology Group, Paterson Institute for Cancer Research, Manchester MZ0 4BX, United Kingdom. email@example.com
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AbstractWe examined the functional differences between G(0) and G(1) cord blood CD34+ cells for up to 24 weeks in serum-free suspension culture, containing Flt-3 ligand, thrombopoietin and stem cell factor. By week 24, there is more than a 1,000-fold difference in granulocyte, macrophage-colony-forming cells (GM-CFC) cumulative production between the two populations, with cultures initiated from G(0) demonstrating an amplification of 1.1 x 10(5)-1.8 x 10(6) of GM-CFC compared to 45-2.7 x 10(3) for the G(1) cells. Cells from the initial G(0) population are able to produce about 250-fold higher numbers of BFU-E than those from G(1) which translates to 3 x 10(3)-1.1 x 10(5)-fold expansion and 25-390-fold expansion for G(0) and G(1), respectively. This amplification of the progenitor cells is reflected in finding that a greater proportion of the progeny of the G(0) population are CD34+, resulting in a 600-fold expansion of CD34+ cells at week 8. As in other in vitro systems, total cell expansion is less discriminatory of stem cell behavior than progenitor cells, and there is no significant difference in total cell numbers between G(0) and G(1) cultures with a mean fold expansion of 2 x 10(7) at 24 weeks.
CitationCord blood G(0) CD34+ cells have a thousand-fold higher capacity for generating progenitors in vitro than G(1) CD34+ cells. 2001, 19 (6):505-13 Stem Cells