Delayed chromosome changes in gamma-irradiated normal and Li-Fraumeni fibroblasts.
AuthorsBoyle, John M
Spreadborough, Anne R
Greaves, Martin J
Birch, Jillian M
AffiliationCRC Cancer Genetics Group, Paterson Institute for Cancer Research, Christie Hospital NHS Trust, Manchester M20 9BX, United Kingdom.
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AbstractKnockout mice with only one Trp53 allele (+/- genotype) are highly susceptible to radiation-induced cancers, possibly through numerical chromosome changes. Patients with the Li-Fraumeni syndrome, having heterozygous TP53 germline mutations (+/mut genotype), are also susceptible to spontaneous and radiogenic cancers. We have investigated the susceptibility of six Li-Fraumeni syndrome +/mut and six normal fibroblast strains to induced numerical and unstable structural aberrations at six population doublings after exposure to 3 or 6 Gy gamma rays. Four of the irradiated Li-Fraumeni syndrome strains showed small increases in both aberration types, similar to those seen in the normal strains. In two irradiated Li-Fraumeni syndrome strains, there were high levels of induced structural changes, and one of these showed a modest increase in hyperploidy. We suggest that enhanced sensitivity to delayed radiation-induced chromosome changes in Li-Fraumeni syndrome cells requires other genetic alterations in addition to TP53 heterozygosity, apparently in contrast to the situation in Trp53 heterozygous null mice. If such additional alterations occur in vivo in Li-Fraumeni syndrome patients, they may predispose them to radiogenic cancers, mainly through enhanced structural rather than numerical chromosome changes. Our findings raise questions about the validity of quantitative extrapolation of cytogenetic data from Trp53-defective mice to radiogenic cancer risk in humans.
CitationDelayed chromosome changes in gamma-irradiated normal and Li-Fraumeni fibroblasts. 2002, 157 (2):158-65 Radiat. Res.
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