Not all perlecans are created equal: interactions with fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 2 and FGF receptors.
AffiliationCommonwealth Scientific Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) Molecular Science, North Ryde 2113, Australia.
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AbstractHuman basement membrane heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG) perlecan binds and activates fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 through its heparan sulfate (HS) chains. Here we show that perlecans immunopurified from three cellular sources possess different HS structures and subsequently different FGF-2 binding and activating capabilities. Perlecan isolated from human umbilical arterial endothelial cells (HUAEC) and a continuous endothelial cell line (C11 STH) bound similar amounts of FGF-2 either alone or complexed with FGFRalpha1-IIIc or FGFR3alpha-IIIc. Both perlecans stimulated the growth of BaF3 cell lines expressing FGFR1b/c; however, only HUAEC perlecan stimulated those cells expressing FGFR3c, suggesting that the source of perlecan confers FGF and FGFR binding specificity. Despite these differences in FGF-2 activation, the level of 2-O- and 6-O-sulfation was similar for both perlecans. Interestingly, perlecan isolated from a colon carcinoma cell line that was capable of binding FGF-2 was incapable of activating any BaF3 cell line unless the HS was removed from the protein core. The HS chains also exhibited greater bioactivity after digestion with heparinase III. Collectively, these data clearly demonstrate that the bioactivity of HS decorating a single PG is dependent on its cell source and that subtle changes in structure including secondary interactions have a profound effect on biological activity.
CitationNot all perlecans are created equal: interactions with fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 2 and FGF receptors. 2002, 277 (17):14657-65 J. Biol. Chem.
JournalThe Journal of Biological Chemistry
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