Identification of an MIP-1alpha -binding heparan sulfate oligosaccharide that supports long-term in vitro maintenance of human LTC-ICs.
AffiliationPaterson Institute for Cancer Research, Manchester, United Kingdom.
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AbstractWe previously showed that heparan sulfate (HS) is required for in vitro cytokine + chemokine-mediated maintenance of primitive human hematopoietic progenitors. However, HS preparations are mixtures of polysaccharide chains of varying size, structure, and protein-binding abilities. Therefore, we examined whether the long-term culture-initiating cells (LTC-IC) supportive capability of HS is attributable to an oligosaccharide of defined length and protein-binding ability. Oligosaccharides of a wide range of sizes were prepared, and their capability to support human marrow LTC-IC maintenance in the presence of low-dose cytokines and a single chemokine, macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1alpha), was examined. LTC-IC supportive capability of HS oligosaccharides correlated directly with size and MIP-1alpha binding ability. A specific MIP-1alpha-binding HS oligosaccharide preparation of M(r) 10 kDa that optimally supported LTC-IC maintenance was identified. This oligosaccharide had the structure required for MIP-1alpha binding, which we have recently described. The present study defines the minimum size and structural features of LTC-IC supportive HS.
CitationIdentification of an MIP-1alpha -binding heparan sulfate oligosaccharide that supports long-term in vitro maintenance of human LTC-ICs. 2003, 101 (6):2243-5 Blood