Confirmation of severe GH deficiency after final height in patients diagnosed as GH deficient during childhood.
AuthorsAttanasio, Andrea F
Howell, Simon J
Bates, Peter C
Blum, Werner F
Quigley, Charmian A
Shalet, Stephen M
AffiliationEli Lilly Italia SPA, Via Gramsci 731-733, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Florence, Italy. firstname.lastname@example.org
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractOBJECTIVE: Human GH treatment of patients with childhood-onset (CO) growth hormone deficiency (GHD) ceases when they reach final height; this provides an opportunity to retest GH status in all patients before determining whether GH therapy will be required in adult life. At present, the diagnostic approach to these patients is not fully standardized. This study aimed to characterize a large group of previously GH-treated CO GHD patients and establish their GH status. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The multinational study included 167 patients diagnosed as GH deficient and treated with hGH to final height during childhood. Mean age was 19.2 years and mean height standard deviation score (SDS) was -1.08. Peak serum GH concentrations were determined in standard GH stimulation tests. IGF-I and IGFBP-3 concentrations were determined at a central laboratory and converted to SDS values by reference to a normal population. RESULTS: Using only a peak GH value of less than 3 microg/l (1 mg = 3 U) in stimulation tests as the cut-off, 133 (79.6%) patients would be classed as GH deficient. Using only an IGF-I value less than -2 SDS as the cut-off, 134 (80.2%) patients would be classed as GH deficient. However, by using both criteria there were 120 (71.9%) patients who were definitely severely GH deficient (group 1) and 20 (12.0%) who were not GH deficient (group 2), leaving 14 (8.4%) classed as GH deficient from IGF-I SDS only (group 3) and 13 (7.8%) classed as GH deficient from stimulation test only (group 4). There was no difference between the groups in height SDS or body mass index (BMI), but the GH-deficient patients tended to have been diagnosed at a younger age (group 1, 8.2 +/- 3.9; group 2, 10.0 +/- 4.0; P = 0.052). For patients classed as GH deficient compared with those not GH deficient, the percentage of males was lower (group 1, 64.2%; group 2, 90.0%; P = 0.022) and the percentage with multiple pituitary hormone deficiencies was higher (group 1, 81.7%; group 2, 20.0%; P < 0 .001), with the other two groups being intermediate in each case. Only the group classed as GH deficient by both criteria had a mean IGFBP-3 less than -2 SDS and both IGF-I SDS and IGFBP-3 SDS increased steadily across the four groups. CONCLUSIONS: A high percentage (71.9%) of these childhood-onset GH-deficient patients were still GH deficient in adult life and are likely to require further hGH treatment. While 12.0% could be classed as definitely no longer GH deficient, there are some patients who are intermediate (16.2%) and may be classed as GH deficient by one criterion but not the other. When GH stimulation test results and IGF-I concentration are discordant, the IGFBP-3 level does not establish diagnosis and the hGH treatment requirement of such patients remains a dilemma.
CitationConfirmation of severe GH deficiency after final height in patients diagnosed as GH deficient during childhood. 2002, 56 (4):503-7 Clin. Endocrinol.
- Growth hormone (GH) provocative retesting of 108 young adults with childhood-onset GH deficiency and the diagnostic value of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and IGF-binding protein-3.
- Authors: Juul A, Kastrup KW, Pedersen SA, Skakkebaek NE
- Issue date: 1997 Apr
- [Efficacy and safety of recombinant human growth hormone solution in children with growth hormone deficiency in China: a multicenter trial].
- Authors: Hou L, Luo XP, Du ML, Ma HM, Gong CX, Li YC, Shen SX, Zhao ZH, Liang L, Dong GP, Yan CY, Du HW
- Issue date: 2009 Jan
- IGF-I and IGF binding protein-3 levels during initial GH dosage step-up are indicators of GH sensitivity in GH-deficient children and short children born small for gestational age.
- Authors: Ranke MB, Traunecker R, Martin DD, Schweizer R, Schwarze CP, Wollmann HA, Binder G
- Issue date: 2005
- Growth hormone (GH) deficiency (GHD) of childhood onset: reassessment of GH status and evaluation of the predictive criteria for permanent GHD in young adults.
- Authors: Maghnie M, Strigazzi C, Tinelli C, Autelli M, Cisternino M, Loche S, Severi F
- Issue date: 1999 Apr
- Diagnostic efficiency of serum IGF-I, IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3), IGF-I/IGFBP-3 molar ratio and urinary GH measurements in the diagnosis of adult GH deficiency: importance of an appropriate reference population.
- Authors: Granada ML, Murillo J, Lucas A, Salinas I, Llopis MA, Castells I, Foz M, Sanmartí A
- Issue date: 2000 Mar