Specific structural features of heparan sulfate proteoglycans potentiate neuregulin-1 signaling.
AffiliationDepartment of Neurology, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA.
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AbstractNeuregulins are a family of growth and differentiation factors that act through activation of cell-surface erbB receptor tyrosine kinases and have essential functions both during development and on the growth of cancer cells. One alternatively spliced neuregulin-1 form has a distinct heparin-binding immunoglobulin-like domain that enables it to adhere to heparan sulfate proteoglycans at key locations during development and substantially potentiates its activity. We examined the structural specificity needed for neuregulin-1-heparin interactions using a gel mobility shift assay together with an assay that measures the ability of specific oligosaccharides to block erbB receptor phosphorylation in L6 muscle cells. Whereas the N-sulfate group of heparin was most important, the 2-O-sulfate and 6-O-sulfate groups also contributed to neuregulin-1 binding in these two assays. Optimal binding to neuregulin-1 required eight or more heparin disaccharides; however, as few as two disaccharides were still able to bind neuregulin-1 to a lesser extent. The physiological importance of this specificity was shown both by chemical and siRNA treatment of cultured muscle cells. Pretreatment of muscle cells with chlorate that blocks all sulfation or with an siRNA that selectively blocks N-sulfation significantly reduced erbB receptor activation by neuregulin-1 but had no effect on the activity of neuregulin-1 that lacks the heparin-binding domain. These results suggest that the regulation of glycosaminoglycan sulfation is an important biological mechanism that can modulate both the localization and potentiation of neuregulin-1 signaling.
CitationSpecific structural features of heparan sulfate proteoglycans potentiate neuregulin-1 signaling. 2005, 280 (1):383-8 J. Biol. Chem.
JournalThe Journal of Biological Chemistry
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