A new sustained-release preparation of human growth hormone and its pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic and safety profile.
AffiliationDepartment of Endocrinology, Christie Hospital, Manchester, UK. firstname.lastname@example.org
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AbstractOBJECTIVE: Adult GH replacement is currently given by daily subcutaneous (sc) injections. Recently, sustained-release (SR) preparations of GH have been developed, the preparations being characterized by a dominant early release, resulting in supraphysiological early GH peaks, and a rapid decline thereafter. We present data on a new SR GH preparation. DESIGN: Phase I/II study of hGH-Biosphere(R) (SkyePharma AB, Malmo, Sweden), a new SR preparation of recombinant human GH in amylopectin microspheres coated with polylactide-coglycolide. PATIENTS: Eight adults with severe, untreated GH deficiency (stimulated GH peaks between < 1 and 1.7 microg/l), aged 36.1 years (range 22-49 years) in good general health. MEASUREMENTS: Pharmacokinetic (PK), pharmacodynamic (PD) and safety data over a period of 28 days. RESULTS: The systemic and local tolerability of the drug was satisfactory, and no serious adverse events occurred. PK analysis showed a smaller early serum hGH peak followed by a broad sustained second peak of hGH (C(max) 1.20 microg/l at 7.2 days), and hGH levels were maintained above baseline for at least 14 days. The mean GH level never exceeded 1.1 microg/l, making the GH fluctuations comparable to continuous sc infusion. Resultant IGF-I concentrations were characterized by sustained elevation at a level near C(max) of 103 microg/l (at t(max) of 9.7 days), equal to an SD score of +0.8. IGF-I generation per administered GH was more efficient compared with reports of other SR preparations. CONCLUSION: hGH-Biosphere(R) is a well-tolerated SR GH preparation with superior efficacy in achieving target IGF-I levels without causing supraphysiological GH concentrations. Our data suggest the suitability of this preparation for longer-term trials in adults with injection frequencies of no more than once every 2-3 weeks.
CitationA new sustained-release preparation of human growth hormone and its pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic and safety profile. 2005, 62 (5):623-7 Clin. Endocrinol.