The mitochondrial fission protein hFis1 requires the endoplasmic reticulum gateway to induce apoptosis.
James, Dominic I
AffiliationDulbecco-Telethon Institute, Venetian Institute of Molecular Medicine, I-35129 Padova, Italy.
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AbstractMitochondrial fission ensures organelle inheritance during cell division and participates in apoptosis. The fission protein hFis1 triggers caspase-dependent cell death, by causing the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria. Here we show that mitochondrial fission induced by hFis1 is genetically distinct from apoptosis. In cells lacking the multidomain proapoptotic Bcl-2 family members Bax and Bak (DKO), hFis1 caused mitochondrial fragmentation but not organelle dysfunction and apoptosis. Similarly, a mutant in the intermembrane region of hFis1-induced fission but not cell death, further dissociating mitochondrial fragmentation from apoptosis induction. Selective correction of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) defect of DKO cells restored killing by hFis1, indicating that death by hFis1 relies on the ER gateway of apoptosis. Consistently, hFis1 did not directly activate BAX and BAK, but induced Ca(2+)-dependent mitochondrial dysfunction. Thus, hFis1 is a bifunctional protein that independently regulates mitochondrial fragmentation and ER-mediated apoptosis.
CitationThe mitochondrial fission protein hFis1 requires the endoplasmic reticulum gateway to induce apoptosis. 2006, 17 (11):4593-605 Mol. Biol. Cell
JournalMolecular Biology of the Cell