Results of alemtuzumab-based reduced-intensity allogeneic transplantation for chronic lymphocytic leukemia: a British Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation Study.
Thomson, Kirsty J
Marks, David I
Milligan, Donald W
AffiliationDepartment of Hematology, Birmingham Heartlands Hospital, Birmingham, B9 5SS, United Kingdom.
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AbstractWe report results in 41 consecutive patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) after fludarabine, melphalan, and alemtuzumab conditioning. Donors were 24 HLA-matched siblings and 17 unrelated volunteers, 4 of them mismatched with recipients. All but 3 patients had initial hematologic recovery, but 5 more patients had secondary graft failure. Median intervals to neutrophil (greater than 0.5 x 10(9)/L) and platelet (greater than 20 x 10(9)/L) recovery were 14 days (range, 9-30 days) and 11 days (range, 8-45 days), respectively. Eleven (27%) patients had relapses and received escalated donor lymphocyte infusions, but only 3 of them had sustained responses. Acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was observed in 17 (41%) and 13 (33%) patients, respectively. Seventeen (41%) patients have died, 5 of progressive disease. The 2-year overall survival and transplantation-related mortality (TRM) rates were 51% (95% confidence interval [CI], 33%-69%) and 26% (95% CI, 14%-46%), respectively. The alemtuzumabbased regimen was feasible and effective in patients with CLL with a relatively low rate of GVHD. However, TRM remains relatively high as a result of a variety of viral and fungal infections. Studies are ongoing to address the efficacy of reduced doses of alemtuzumab in this group of immunosuppressed patients.
CitationResults of alemtuzumab-based reduced-intensity allogeneic transplantation for chronic lymphocytic leukemia: a British Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation Study. 2006, 107 (4):1724-30 Blood