Reductions of circulating matrix metalloproteinase 2 and vascular endothelial growth factor levels after treatment with pegvisomant in subjects with acromegaly.
AuthorsPaisley, Angela N
O'Callaghan, Chris J
Lewandowski, Krzysztof C
Roberts, Margaret E
Drake, William M
Trainer, Peter J
Randeva, Harpal S
AffiliationDepartment of Endocriniology, Christie Hospital, Manchester, United Kingdom.
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AbstractBACKGROUND: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is involved in activation of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) system; the latter is implicated in atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. Patients with acromegaly have reduced life expectancy primarily due to cardiac disease. AIM: This study assessed plasma MMPs and VEGF levels in patients with active acromegaly (IGF-I > 130% upper limit of normal), and on treatment with pegvisomant. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty patients [nine female, mean age 56.1 +/- 13.8 yr (mean +/- sd)] were studied at baseline and on pegvisomant therapy and compared with data from 25 healthy volunteers (12 female; 56.6 +/- 14.2 yr). Plasma MMP-2, MMP-9, and VEGF levels were measured. RESULTS: Serum IGF-I fell from a baseline (mean +/- sd) level of 620.1 +/- 209.3 ng/ml to 237.5 +/- 118.5 ng/ml on pegvisomant (doses 10-60 mg; P < 0.001). MMP-2 levels at baseline were significantly higher in patients compared with healthy controls (380.7 +/- 204.8 vs. 207.4 +/- 62.6 ng/ml; P < 0.001), but with treatment a significant reduction in MMP-2 [380.7 +/- 204.8 vs. 203.0 +/- 77.4 ng/ml; P < 0.001] and VEGF (283.4 +/- 233.6 vs. 229.1 +/- 157.4 pg/ml; P = 0.008) was noted. There was no significant difference in MMP-9 levels between patients and controls at baseline (797.5 +/- 142.1 vs. 788.3 +/- 218.0 ng/ml; P = 0.87) or between baseline and posttreatment levels (797.5 +/- 142.1 vs. 780.0 +/- 214 ng/ml; P = 0.76). CONCLUSIONS: Our novel data demonstrate that treatment of acromegaly with pegvisomant leads to reductions in MMP-2 and VEGF concentrations. Further studies are required to determine the significance of these findings with relation to cardiac disease.
CitationReductions of circulating matrix metalloproteinase 2 and vascular endothelial growth factor levels after treatment with pegvisomant in subjects with acromegaly. 2006, 91 (11):4635-40 J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab.
JournalThe Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism