T cell activation by antibody-like immunoreceptors: the position of the binding epitope within the target molecule determines the efficiency of activation of redirected T cells.
AuthorsHombach, Andreas A
Gilham, David E
AffiliationKlinik I für Innere Medizin, Tumorgenetik, Kliniken der Universität zu Köln and Zentrum für Molekulare Medizin Köln, Josef-Stelzmann Strasse 9, Köln, Germany.
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AbstractRecombinant TCRs confer specificity to T cells and trigger their activation. Receptors with Ab-derived binding domains have the advantages of MHC-independent Ag recognition and of targeting a variety of chemically different molecules. We explored the impact of the position of a defined epitope within the target molecule on the efficacy of receptor-mediated T cell activation. T cells were grafted with recombinant immunoreceptors that recognize either the membrane distal N or the proximal A3 domain of carcinoembryonic Ag (CEA). Upon binding to isolated, solid-phase immobilized CEA, receptor-mediated T cell activation correlates with the binding efficiency, irrespectively, of the epitope position. Upon binding to CEA expressed on the cell membrane, in contrast, the A3 epitope mediates more efficiently T cell activation than the N epitope, although the N epitope is bound with higher affinity. The CEA N epitope when expressed in a more membrane proximal position, however, activated receptor grafted T cells with higher efficiency than in the distal position. The position of the targeted epitope within the molecule obviously has major impact on the efficacy of T cell activation independently of the binding efficiency of the immunoreceptor.
CitationT cell activation by antibody-like immunoreceptors: the position of the binding epitope within the target molecule determines the efficiency of activation of redirected T cells. 2007, 178 (7):4650-7 J. Immunol.
JournalJournal of Immunology
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