Quantitative validation of monte carlo SPECT simulation: application to a mediso anyscan GATE simulation
Julyan, Peter J
Robinson, Andrew P
AffiliationThe Christie NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK
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AbstractBackground: Monte Carlo (MC) simulations are used in nuclear medicine imaging as they provide unparalleled insight into processes that are not directly experimentally measurable, such as scatter and attenuation in an acquisition. Whilst MC is often used to provide a 'ground-truth', this is only the case if the simulation is fully validated against experimental data. This work presents a quantitative validation for a MC simulation of a single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) system. Methods: An MC simulation model of the Mediso AnyScan SCP SPECT system installed at the UK National Physical Laboratory was developed in the GATE (Geant4 Application for Tomographic Emission) toolkit. Components of the detector head and two collimator configurations were modelled according to technical specifications and physical measurements. Experimental detection efficiency measurements were collected for a range of energies, permitting an energy-dependent intrinsic camera efficiency correction function to be determined and applied to the simulation on an event-by-event basis. Experimental data were collected in a range of geometries with [Formula: see text]Tc for comparison to simulation. The procedure was then repeated with [Formula: see text]Lu to determine how the validation extended to another isotope and set of collimators. Results: The simulation's spatial resolution, sensitivity, energy spectra and the projection images were compared with experimental measurements. The simulation and experimental uncertainties were determined and propagated to all calculations, permitting the quantitative agreement between simulated and experimental SPECT acquisitions to be determined. Statistical agreement was seen in sinograms and projection images of both [Formula: see text]Tc and [Formula: see text]Lu data. Average simulated and experimental sensitivity ratios of ([Formula: see text]) were seen for emission and scatter windows of [Formula: see text]Tc, and ([Formula: see text]) and ([Formula: see text]) for the 113 and 208 keV emissions of [Formula: see text]Lu, respectively. Conclusions: MC simulations will always be an approximation of a physical system and the level of agreement should be assessed. A validation method is presented to quantify the level of agreement between a simulation model and a physical SPECT system.
CitationPells S, Cullen DM, Deidda D, Denis-Bacelar AM, Fenwick A, Ferreira KM, et al. Quantitative validation of Monte Carlo SPECT simulation: application to a Mediso AnyScan GATE simulation. EJNMMI physics. 2023 SEP 30;10(1). PubMed PMID: WOS:001079974000001. English.