Safety and efficacy of immune checkpoint blockade in patients with advanced nonsmall cell lung cancer and brain metastasis
AffiliationDepartment of Oncology-Pathology, Karolinska Institutet/Thoracic Oncology Center, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThe presence of brain metastases (BM) is a negative prognostic factor for patients with advanced nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Their incidence seems to be higher in patients with oncogene-driven tumours, especially those with EGFR-mutated or ALK-rearranged tumours. Although targeted treatments demonstrate significant efficacy regarding BM, they only apply to a minority of NSCLC patients. On the other hand, systemic therapies for nononcogenic-driven NSCLC with BM have shown limited clinical benefit. In recent years, immunotherapy alone or combined with chemotherapy has been adopted as a new standard of care in first-line therapy. This approach seems to be beneficial to patients with BM in terms of efficacy and toxicity. Combined immune checkpoint inhibition as well as the combination of immunotherapy and radiation therapy show promising results with significant, but overall acceptable toxicity. A pragmatic approach of allowing enrolment of patients with untreated or symptomatic BM in randomised trials evaluating immune checkpoint inhibitors strategies, possibly coupled with central nervous system-related endpoints may be needed to generate data to refine treatment for this patient population.
CitationTsakonas G, Ekman S, Koulouris A, Adderley H, Ackermann CJ, Califano R. Safety and efficacy of immune checkpoint blockade in patients with advanced nonsmall cell lung cancer and brain metastasis. Int J Cancer. 2023 Jun 19. PubMed PMID: 37334528. Epub 2023/06/19. eng.
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer