Longitudinal stability of MRI QA up to two years on eight clinical 1.5 T MR-linacs
van der Bijl, E.
van Lier, A. L. H.
Jackson, Steven J
van Pelt, V.
Hasler, S. W.
Tijssen, R. H. N.
AffiliationJoint Department of Physics, The Institute of Cancer Research and the Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, London
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AbstractMR-guided radiotherapy on hybrid MR-Linacs exploits the excellent soft-tissue contrast of MRI to deliver daily adaptive precision radiotherapy. Geometric fidelity and long-term stability of MRI components are essential, but their longitudinal performance under daily exposure to scattered ionizing radiation is unknown. We report on longitudinal stability of periodic MRI QA on eight clinical 1.5T MR-Linac systems. We provided measurement instructions for periodic MRI QA and received data from seven different centers within the Elekta MR-Linac consortium, which contributed data over acquisition periods ranging from 3–24 months. We tested B0 and B1 homogeneity using a 37 cm diameter cylindrical phantom, which was measured monthly in axial orientation, supplemented by quarterly sagittal and coronal acquisitions. We report average, standard deviation and peak-to-peak variation (99th-1st percentile) within a region of interest (ROI) of 35 cm diameter. Dependence of B0 on the gantry angle and gradient non-linearity were tested quarterly. We analyzed the longitudinal stability of selected metrics of the vendor-provided periodic image quality tests. We found high temporal stability of B0 and B1 measurements and good agreement between different MR-Linac systems. For all measurements, the standard deviation of B0 within the analyzed ROI was below 0.66/0.33/0.33 ppm for axial/sagittal/coronal orientation. The average standard deviation of the ratio between actual and nominal flip angle was 0.022/0.100/0.088 for axial/sagittal/coronal orientation. Systems exhibited distinctively different gantry angle dependencies of B0, with sensitivities of B0 to the gantry angle differing by factors of up to two between systems. Gradient non-linearity analysis yielded average radii of 172 and 242 mm for which 98% of the phantom markers had deviations below 1 and 2 mm, respectively. All analyzed periodic image quality tests were passed, but major events including a body coil replacement and ramp down were apparent in the time series. Overall we found very similar performance of the tested systems and our results could inform the implementation of MR imaging QA for MR-Linacs. While we found differences of the gantry angle dependence of B0 between systems, the high temporal stability found for all tests is a foundation for stereotactic radiotherapy and multi-center clinical trials involving quantitative MRI.
CitationWetscherek A, van der Bijl E, van Lier ALH, Chick J, Jackson S, Gibson S, et al. Longitudinal Stability of MRI QA up to Two Years on Eight Clinical 1.5 T MR-Linacs. Frontiers in Physics. 2022 Jun;10. PubMed PMID: WOS:000817802100001.
JournalFrontiers in Physics