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dc.contributor.authorAbravan, Azadeh
dc.contributor.authorSitch, Peter
dc.contributor.authorvan Herk, Marcel
dc.contributor.authorGaito, Simona
dc.contributor.authorMcPartlin, Andrew J
dc.contributor.authorSashidaran, S.
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Ed
dc.contributor.authorWhitfield, Gillian
dc.contributor.authorPan, Shermaine
dc.date.accessioned2022-08-17T09:45:41Z
dc.date.available2022-08-17T09:45:41Z
dc.date.issued2022en
dc.identifier.citationAbravan A, Sitch P, van Herk M, Gaito S, McPartlin A, Sashidaran S, et al. Proton therapy reduces the incidence of severe lymphopenia compared with photon. Radiotherapy and Oncology. 2022 May;170:S140-S1. PubMed PMID: WOS:000806759200139.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10541/625450
dc.description.abstractPurpose or Objective Radiotherapy-induced lymphopenia may be associated with adverse outcome and reduced survival in various cancer types. Due to unique dosimetric characteristics, proton therapy can reduce the volumes of healthy tissue irradiated, potentially sparing lymphocytes. We investigated the incidence of severe lymphopenia in patients treated with either photons or protons, whose radiation treatment site included head and neck (H&N) and central nervous system (CNS). Materials and Methods Data from 44 patients treated with proton therapy and 44 with photon therapy at a single institute for H&N (n=52) or CNS (n=36) were included. Base of skull treatment were included in the H&N category. All patients had lymphocyte counts at baseline (< 90 days prior to radiotherapy) and during radiotherapy. Severe lymphopenia grade 3 or higher was based on lymphocytes at nadir during RT < 0.5x109/L (CTCAE v5.0). If case of multiple clinical target volumes (CTVs), the largest CTV was used in the analysis. Vx was calculated from RT images and is a volume receiving x Gy or higher in the body normalized to body weight to account for patients’ size. For patients without weight data, it is imputed using a 3rd power fit of weight vs age from the available data. Multivariable logistic analysis was conducted to investigate the association between the incidence of severe lymphopenia and patients’ clinical, demographics, and dosimetric factors. To avoid multi-collinearity, dosimetric parameters were included in the multivariable regression one at a time together with other factors known to affect lymphocytes. Results Four (9%) and 17 (39%) of the patients developed grade 3 lymphopenia in the proton and photon treatment arm, respectively. There was a good match of baseline lymphocytes and CTV between proton and photon arms for each disease site (Table 1). However, lymphocyte counts during radiotherapy and the incidence of grade 2 and grade 3 lymphopenia was significantly lower in the proton arm. As seen in Table 2, in the univariable model, proton therapy was associated with the reduced risk of lymphopenia, however, it became insignificant when including dosimetric parameters in the multivariable model. Multivariable logistic regression adjusted for age, gender, treatment arm, and disease site suggested that lower baseline lymphocytes and larger volumes receiving 2‒30 Gy (V2, V5, V10, V20, V30) are associated with higher risk of developing grade 3 or higher lymphopenia during radiotherapy. Conclusion Our study suggests that in H&N and CNS treatment, protons reduce the risk of severe treatment-related lymphopenia. Proton therapy reduces the volume receiving low to intermediate doses (V2 -V30) and subsequently reduces grade 3 or higher lymphopenia.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.titleProton therapy reduces the incidence of severe lymphopenia compared with photonen
dc.typeMeetings and Proceedingsen
dc.contributor.departmentThe University of Manchester, Division of cancer sciences, MANCHESTERen
dc.identifier.journalRadiotherapy and Oncologyen
dc.description.noteen]


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