Nutritional screening in a cancer prehabilitation programme: A cohort study
AuthorsBurden, S. T.
Hurst, Sarah Jayne
AffiliationSchool of Health Sciences, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
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AbstractBackground: Cancer patients are often malnourished pre-operatively. Study aims were to establish if current screening was appropriate for use in prehabilitation and investigate any association between nutritional risk, functionality and quality of life (QoL). Methods: This cohort study used routinely collected data from September 2020 to August 2021 from patients in a Prehab4cancer programme. Included patients were aged >18 years, had colorectal, lung or oesophago-gastric cancer and were scheduled for surgery. Nutritional assessment included patient generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA) short-form and QoL with a sit-to-stand test. Association between nutritional risk and outcomes were analysed using adjusted logistic regression. Results: From 928 patients referred to Prehab4Cancer service over 12-months, data on nutritional risk were collected from 526 patients. Pre-operatively, 233 out of 526 (44%) patients were at nutritional risk (score ≥2). During prehabilitation, 31% of patients improved their PG-SGA and 74% of patients maintained or improved their weight. Odds ratios (OR) with confidence intervals (CI) showed that patients with better QoL using EuroQol-5 Dimensions (OR 0.05, 95% CI 0.01, 0.45, P=0.01), EuroQol Visual Analogue Scale (OR 0.96, 95% CI 0.93, 1.00, p=0.04) or sit-to-stand (OR 0.96, 95% 0.93, 1.00, p=0.04) were less likely to be nutritional at risk. Conclusion: Nearly half of patients in Prehab4Cancer programme assessed using PG-SGA were at risk of malnutrition. However, almost half of the sample did not have their risk assessed. Patients at risk of malnutrition were more likely to have a poorer QoL and sit-to-stand test than those who were not at risk. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
CitationBurden ST, Bibby N, Donald K, Owen K, Rowlinson-Groves K, French C, et al. Nutritional screening in a cancer prehabilitation programme: A cohort study. Journal of human nutrition and dietetics : the official journal of the British Dietetic Association. 2022 Jul 1. PubMed PMID: 35775402. Epub 2022/07/02. eng.
JournalJournal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics
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