Feasibility of a multiparametric MRI protocol for imaging biomarkers associated with neoadjuvant radiotherapy for soft tissue sarcoma
AuthorsKershaw, Lucy E
Roberts, Darren L
Wylie, James P
AffiliationThe University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, The Christie NHSFT, Manchester
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AbstractObjective: Soft tissue sarcoma (STS) is a rare malignancy with a 5 year overall survival rate of 55%. Neoadjuvant radiotherapy is commonly used in preparation for surgery, but methods to assess early response are lacking despite pathological response at surgery being predictive of overall survival, local recurrence and distant metastasis. Multiparametric MR imaging (mpMRI) is used to assess response in a variety of tumours but lacks a robust, standardised method. The overall aim of this study was to develop a feasible imaging protocol to identify imaging biomarkers for further investigation. Methods: 15 patients with biopsy-confirmed STS suitable for pre-operative radiotherapy and radical surgery were imaged throughout treatment. The mpMRI protocol included anatomical, diffusion-weighted and dynamic contrast-enhanced imaging, giving estimates of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and the area under the enhancement curve at 60 s (iAUC60). Histological analysis of resected tumours included detection of CD31, Ki67, hypoxia inducible factor and calculation of a hypoxia score. Results: There was a significant reduction in T1 at visit 2 and in ADC at visit 3. Significant associations were found between hypoxia and pre-treatment iAUC60, pre-treatment ADC and mid-treatment iAUC60. There was also statistically significant association between mid-treatment ADC and Ki67. Conclusion: This work showed that mpMRI throughout treatment is feasible in patients with STS having neoadjuvant radiotherapy. The relationships between imaging parameters, tissue biomarkers and clinical outcomes warrant further investigation.
CitationKershaw L, Forker L, Roberts D, Sanderson B, Shenjere P, Wylie J, et al. Feasibility of a multiparametric MRI protocol for imaging biomarkers associated with neoadjuvant radiotherapy for soft tissue sarcoma. Vol. 3, BJR|Open. British Institute of Radiology; 2021.