Pathways from diagnosis to death from keratinocyte cancer in kidney transplant recipients
AffiliationQIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Herston, Queensland, Australia
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AbstractBackground: Kidney transplant recipients are at increased risk of developing and dying from keratinocyte cancer. We aimed to describe the clinical course of keratinocyte cancer-related deaths in a cohort of kidney transplant recipients. Methods: In kidney transplant recipients transplanted between 1995 and 2014 in Queensland, Australia, we ascertained keratinocyte cancer deaths by searching national transplant and state death registries to March 2020. Deceased transplant recipients' medical records were reviewed to assess features of the primary lesion of the fatal keratinocyte cancer, metastases, and clinical information before death. Results: Of 658 kidney transplant recipient deaths, 49 (7%) were due to keratinocyte cancer, and medical records were available for 36 (73%). One death was due to basal cell carcinoma, and 35 were from squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), primarily from the head and neck (24; 69%). The most common site of metastasis was the lungs (21; 58%). Median time (minimum, maximum) from the diagnosis of primary SCC to metastasis was 5 months (0, 29). After this, the median time to death was 9 months (1, 50). Conclusion: Fatal keratinocyte cancers overwhelmingly arise on the head and neck, with lungs the most common metastasis site. The short time from diagnosis of primary to death indicates the aggressive nature of these keratinocyte cancers.
CitationShao EX, Khosrotehrani K, Campbell S, Isbel N, Green A. Pathways from Diagnosis to Death from Keratinocyte Cancer in Kidney Transplant Recipients. Dermatology. S. Karger AG; 2022. p. 1–8.
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