Phase 1 study of INCB086550, an oral PD-l1 inhibitor, in immune-checkpoint naive patients with advanced solid tumors
AuthorsVan Cutsem, E.
AffiliationUniversity of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractBackground INCB086550 is an orally administered small molecule that binds PD-L1 and inhibits PD-1/PD-L1 interaction. Translational data demonstrating markers of immune activation in patients following INCB086550 were previously reported.1 Preliminary clinical data from this phase 1 study are presented below. Methods Adult patients (≥18 years) with advanced solid tumors were enrolled into this open-label study. Patients had disease progression after standard available therapy or were intolerant of or ineligible for standard treatment. Measurable disease was required. A modified 3+3 dose-escalation design was employed, followed by dose expansions. The primary endpoints were safety and tolerability of INCB086550, identification of a pharmacologically active dose and/or MTD, and confirmation of the RP2D. Secondary endpoints included PK, pharmacodynamics, and efficacy as assessed by investigator-determined ORR and DCR (CR, PR, or SD ≥12 weeks). Results As of 9Apr2021, 79 patients received treatment (Table 1); 57.0% were female, 62.0% had ≥2 prior lines of therapy, and 16% received prior IO treatment. Forty-six (58.2%) patients had treatment-related TEAEs; those occurring in ≥5% of patients are presented in Table 2. Ten patients (12.7%) had grade ≥3 treatment-related TEAEs. Immune-related TEAEs occurred in 15 patients (19.0%); the most common (>1 patient) included peripheral sensory neuropathy (n=5), pruritus (n=3), immune-mediated neuropathy (n=2), and peripheral motor neuropathy (n=2). In total, 10 (12.7%) patients had TEAEs of peripheral neuropathy; all were grade ≤3. All grade 2 or 3 TEAEs of peripheral neuropathy resolved or improved with either study drug continuation without dose modification, dose reduction, or drug interruption/discontinuation. Patients with TEAEs leading to treatment interruption were 21 (26.6%), dose reduction 5 (6.3%), and discontinuation 13 (16.5%). Five patients (6.3%) died of a TEAE (cerebrovascular accident, dyspnea, general physical health deterioration, intestinal obstruction, intracranial hemorrhage [each n=1]); all fatal TEAEs were considered unrelated to study drug. The efficacy-evaluable population included 68 patients; ORR was 11.8% (95%CI, 5.2%–21.9%; CR, 1.5%; PR, 10.3%), and DCR was 19.1% (95%CI, 10.6%–30.5%; Table 3). Eight objective responses were observed at doses ≥400 mg BID (Table 4); 3 of these were noted among the 5 IO treatment-naive patients with MSI-H tumors who received 400 mg BID. Conclusions Immune-related AEs observed in this ongoing phase 1 study are consistent with those seen with antibody immune checkpoint inhibitors, with the exception of peripheral neuropathy. Preliminary efficacy of INCB086550 in tumor types known to be responsive to anti-PD-(L)1 therapy is encouraging and warrants further investigation.
CitationCutsem EV, Prenen H, Delafontaine B, Spencer K, Mitchell T, Burris H, et al. 529 Phase 1 study of INCB086550, an oral PD-L1 inhibitor, in immune-checkpoint naive patients with advanced solid tumors. Vol. 9, Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer. BMJ; 2021. p. A559–60.
JournalJournal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
TypeMeetings and Proceedings