The development of a decision aid to support Hodgkin lymphoma survivors considering lung cancer screening
AffiliationDivision of Cancer Sciences, School of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK. firstname.lastname@example.org. NIHR Greater Manchester Patient Safety Translational Research Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK. email@example.com. The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK. firstname.lastname@example.org. Division of Cancer Sciences, School of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK. NIHR Greater Manchester Patient Safety Translational Research Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK. Division of Psychology and Mental Health, Manchester Centre for Health Psychology, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK. Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK. Manchester Cancer Research Centre, Wilmslow Road, Manchester, M20 4QL, UK.
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AbstractBackground: Decisions aids (DA) can support patients to make informed decisions about screening tests. This study describes the development and initial evaluation of a lung cancer screening (LCS) DA targeted towards survivors of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). Methods: A prototype decision aid booklet was developed and subsequently reviewed by a steering group who provided feedback. Revisions were made to produce the DA tested in this study. HL survivors were recruited to an online survey and/or focus groups. Lymphoma practitioners were invited to an interview study. In the online survey, decisional confict scales and knowledge scales were completed before and after accessing the DA. The focus groups and interviews explored acceptability and comprehensibility and the decisional needs of stakeholders. Focus groups and interviews were audio recorded. The framework method was used to analyse qualitative data. Results: 38 HL survivors completed the online survey. Following exposure to the DA, knowledge of LCS and risk factors and decisional confict scores (total score and subscale scores) improved signifcantly. 11 HL survivors took part in two focus groups (n=5 and n=6) and 11 practitioners were interviewed. Focus group and interview results: The language, format and length were considered acceptable. Both groups felt the DA was balanced and presented a choice. Icon arrays were felt to aid comprehension of absolute risk values and for some survivors, they reduced afective risk perceptions. Among survivors, the impact of radiation risk on decision making varied according to gender and screening interval, whilst practitioners did not anticipate it to be a major concern for patients. Both groups expressed that a screening ofer could mitigate anxiety about lung cancer risk. As anticipated by practitioners, survivors expressed a desire to seek advice from their clinical team. Practitioners thought the DA would meet their informational needs regarding LCS when supporting survivors. Conclusions: The DA is considered acceptable by HL survivors and practitioners. The DA reduces decisional confict and improves knowledge in HL survivors, suggesting that it would support HL survivors to make informed decisions when considering LCS in a future clinical trial.
CitationBroadbent R, Seale T, Armitage CJ, Linton K. The development of a decision aid to support Hodgkin lymphoma survivors considering lung cancer screening. Vol. 22, BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making. Springer Science and Business Media LLC; 2022.
JournalBMC Med Inform Decis Mak
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