Robotic assisted surgery in horseshoe kidneys: a safety and feasibility multicentre case series
AffiliationUCL Medical School, University College London, London, United Kingdom
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AbstractIntroduction Horseshoe kidneys (HSK) are the most common renal fusion abnormality. However, they are only present in 0.2% of the population. Due to anatomical variation in vasculature, ectopia and malrotation, surgery has traditionally been performed via an open approach. We aimed to assess the safety and feasibility of robot-assisted surgery for HSK. Method Six patients (four female, two male) with HSKs were operated on between 2016 and 2019 across two high-volume centres by high-volume surgeons. All operations were robot-assisted, with three partial nephrectomies and one nephroureterectomy for renal masses and two benign nephrectomies for non-functioning kidneys. 3D reconstruction using CT renal angiograms was used to help identify vasculature and tumour location (where appropriate). Results The median age was 53 years (IQR 47-58.3) and the median BMI was 25 (IQR 25-25.8). Median tumour size in the four patients with renal masses was 35.5 mm (IQR 25.3-44.8). Median console time was 120 minutes (IQR 117-172.5) and the median estimated blood loss was 150 mL (IQR 112.5-262.5). The median pre-operative eGFR was 76 (IQR 70-86.5) and median post-operative eGFR was 65.5 (IQR 59.3-80.8). All operations were uneventful, there were no perioperative transfusions and no complications reported. Length of stay was two days for all patients. Conclusions We report the largest series of mixed robotic-assisted surgery on HSK. Robotic surgery is safe and feasible for HSK in high-volume centres with acceptable perioperative outcomes. Further prospective, longer-term, multi-centre studies are required to evaluative if robotic surgery for HSK is superior to open surgery.
CitationNg A, Nathan A, Campain N, Yuminaga Y, Mumtaz F, Gulamhusein A, et al. 1141 Robotic Assisted Surgery in Horseshoe Kidneys: A Safety and Feasibility Multicentre Case Series Vol. 108, British Journal of Surgery. Oxford University Press (OUP); 2021.
JournalBritish Journal of Surgery
TypeMeetings and Proceedings