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dc.contributor.authorLin, C. C.
dc.contributor.authorNaing, A.
dc.contributor.authorPatel, M. R.
dc.contributor.authorBurris, H. A.
dc.contributor.authorCurigliano, G.
dc.contributor.authorThistlethwaite, Fiona C
dc.contributor.authorMinchom, A. R.
dc.contributor.authorAscierto, P. A.
dc.contributor.authorDe Braud, F. G.
dc.contributor.authorEder, J. P.
dc.contributor.authorWake, M.
dc.contributor.authorPalu, C. C.
dc.contributor.authorNewton, A. L.
dc.contributor.authorDeantonio, C.
dc.contributor.authorHanekom, W.
dc.contributor.authorSainson, R. C. A.
dc.contributor.authorQuaratino, S.
dc.date.accessioned2022-01-11T11:59:47Z
dc.date.available2022-01-11T11:59:47Z
dc.date.issued2021en
dc.identifier.citationLin C-C, Naing A, Patel MR, Burris III HA, Curigliano G, Thistlethwaite F, et al. KY1044 to target the ICOS pathways inducing intratumoral Treg depletion and agonism of effector T cells: Preliminary pharmacodynamic markers from a phase 1/2 multicenter trial. Vol. 39, Journal of Clinical Oncology. American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO); 2021. p. 2626–2626.en
dc.identifier.doi10.1200/JCO.2021.39.15_suppl.2626en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10541/624879
dc.description.abstractBackground: Inducible T-cell co-stimulator (ICOS) is an important co-stimulatory receptor on effector T cells (Teffs) that also promotes tumor growth due to its high expression on regulatory T cells (Tregs). KY1044 is a fully human IgG1 that targets ICOS, acting via a dual mode of action (MoA) by depleting ICOShigh Tregs and stimulating ICOSLow Teffs. A Phase 1/2 clinical trial (NCT03829501) is currently assessing the safety and preliminary efficacy of KY1044, as a single agent and in combination with atezolizumab, in subjects with advanced relapsed/refractory malignancies. Using longitudinal blood samples and tumor biopsies, we aim to correlate KY1044 target engagement levels with pharmacodynamic (PD) properties (e.g. dual MoA) in the tumor microenvironment (TME) and the circulation. Methods: Phase 1 subjects were enrolled in dose escalation and enrichment cohorts to evaluate the effect of KY1044 as monotherapy (0.8 – 240 mg) Q3W and in combination (0.8 – 80 mg) with atezolizumab (1200 mg) Q3W. PBMCs, plasma and tumor biopsies were collected over the first 3 cycles to confirm target engagement and KY1044 MoA. The sample analysis included: immunohistochemistry (IHC) of tumor samples (ICOS, FOXP3 and CD8); circulating T cell immunoprofiling and receptor occupancy by chip-cytometry; PBMC and tumor sample pre- and post-treatment transcriptomic analysis; and the assessment of circulating cytokines (e.g. GM-CSF). Results: As assessed in PBMCs, full/prolonged ICOS target engagement on T cells was confirmed in subjects receiving a flat dose of 8 to 240 mg, while partial/transient saturation was observed at lower doses (0.8-2.4 mg). The target engagement was not affected by atezolizumab. The immune cell profiling showed changes in some populations, but there was no significant depletion of peripheral ICOS+ cells. In contrast, pre- and post-treatment IHC analysis of ICOS+/FOXP3+ cells in tumor biopsies confirmed a KY1044-dose dependent reduction of ICOS+ Tregs and maintenance of CD8+ T cells in the TME. Together, this resulted in an increased intratumoral CD8+/ICOS+ Treg ratio at all doses, plateauing from subjects receiving a flat KY1044 dose of 8 mg. KY1044-dependent agonism was indirectly assessed by measuring circulating cytokine levels. A post-dosing transient induction of GM-CSF was evident in subjects dosed with KY1044 at the 0.8 and 2.4 mg dose, whereas minimal induction was observed at dose of 8 mg and higher. Conclusions: LongitudinalPDdata confirmed the expected KY1044 MoA, namely ICOS Treg depletion and increased CD8/ICOS Treg ratio in the TME as well as T cell co-stimulation. The observed PD responses are currently being further explored in a more homogenous patient population.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urlhttps://dx.doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2021.39.15_suppl.2626en
dc.titleKY1044 to target the ICOS pathways inducing intratumoral Treg depletion and agonism of effector T cells: Preliminary pharmacodynamic markers from a phase 1/2 multicenter trialen
dc.typeMeetings and Proceedingsen
dc.contributor.departmentNational Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwanen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Clinical Oncologyen
dc.description.noteen]


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