Clinical utility of testing for PALB2 and CHEK2 c.1100delC in breast and ovarian cancer
AuthorsWoodward, E. R.
van Veen, E. M.
Harkness, E. F.
Byers, H. J.
Ellingford, J. M.
Burghel, G. J.
Bowers, N. L.
Wallace, A. J.
Howell, Sacha J
Newman, W. G.
Smith, M. J
Evans, D Gareth R
AffiliationManchester Centre for Genomic Medicine, Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK.
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractPurpose: To investigate the contribution of PALB2 pathogenic gene variants (PGVs, PALB2_PGV) and the CHEK2 c.1100delC (CHEK2_1100delC) PGV to familial breast and ovarian cancer, and PALB2_PGV associated breast cancer pathology. Methods: Outcomes of germline PALB2_PGV and CHEK2_1100delC testing were recorded in 3,127 women with histologically confirmed diagnoses of invasive breast cancer, carcinoma in situ, or epithelial nonmucinous ovarian cancer, and 1,567 female controls. Breast cancer pathology was recorded in PALB2_PGV cases from extended families. Results: Thirty-five PALB2 and 44 CHEK2_1100delC PGVs were detected in patients (odds ratio [OR] PALB2 breast-ovarian = 5.90 [95% CI: 1.92-18.36], CHEK2 breast-ovarian = 4.46 [95% CI: 1.86-10.46], PALB2 breast = 6.16 [95% CI: 1.98-19.21], CHEK2 breast = 4.89 [95% CI: 2.01-11.34]). Grade 3 ER-positive HER2-negative, grade 3 and triple negative (TN) tumors were enriched in cases with PALB2 PGVs compared with all breast cancers known to our service (respectively: 15/43, 254/1,843, P = 0.0005; 28/37, 562/1,381, P = 0.0001; 12/43, 204/1,639, P < 0.0001). PALB2_PGV likelihood increased with increasing Manchester score (MS) (MS < 15 = 17/1,763, MS 20-39 = 11/520, P = 0.04) but not for CHEK2_1100delC (MS < 15 = 29/1,762, MS 20-39 = 4/520). PALB2 PGVs showed perfect segregation in 20/20 first-degree relatives with breast cancer, compared with 7/13 for CHEK2_1100delC (P = 0.002). Conclusion: PALB2 PGVs and CHEK2_1100delC together account for ~2.5% of familial breast/ovarian cancer risk. PALB2 PGVs are associated with grade 3, TN, and grade 3 ER-positive HER2-negative breast tumors.
CitationWoodward ER, van Veen EM, Forde C, Harkness EF, Byers HJ, Ellingford JM, et al. Clinical utility of testing for PALB2 and CHEK2 c.1100delC in breast and ovarian cancer. Genet Med . 2021 Jun 10.
JournalGenetics in Medicine
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