SAPROCAN: Saracatinib (AZD0530) and docetaxel in metastatic,castrate-refractory prostate cancer (mCRPC)-A phase I/randomized phase II study by the United Kingdom National Cancer Research Institute Prostate Group
AuthorsJones, R. J.
De Bono, J. S.
Birtle, A. J.
Staffurth, J. N.
Tugwood, Jonathan D
Crabb, S. J.
AffiliationInstitute of Cancer Sciences, Glasgow
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractBackground: Saracatinib is an orally-available, highly selective inhibitor of Abl and Src family members. It is an ATP-competitive tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Preclinical data suggested that the combination of a Src kinase inhibitor and docetaxel is synergistic, and Src kinase activity was also implicated in the bone’s metabolic response to cancer metastases. Methods: Patients with mCRPC were initially enrolled in an open-label, dose escalation phase I trial of oral saracatinib (cohorts of 50mg, 125mg and 175mg daily) with docetaxel (75mg/m2) in a 3+3 design. Subsequent patients were randomised 1:1 between saracatinib 175mg and placebo once daily. Pharmacokinetics (PK) of docetaxel were explored in phase I to exclude significant drug-drug interaction. The primary endpoint of phase II was biochemical or radiographic progression free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS), safety and tolerability. Changes in circulating tumour cell (CTC) counts were also measured. The phase II was designed with a 1-sided alpha of 0.2 with 90% power to detect a hazard ratio (HR) for PFS of 0.67. Results: 10 patients were enrolled in phase I and 142 in the randomised phase II. No dose limiting toxicities or PK interactions were observed and the recommended dose for phase II was 175mg saracatinib daily and 75mg/m2docetaxel every 21 days. In phase II, the HR for PFS was 1.35 (80% confidence interval (CI) 1.07 to 1.70). The HR for OS was 1.42 (1.08 – 1.81). 41/71 and 29/71 experienced treatment related toxicities of grade 3 or above in the saracatinib and placebo arms respectively. 10/19 (53%) and 14/27 (52%) evaluable patients demonstrated a reduction in CTCs from ≥5 to < 5 /7.5ml blood at 6 weeks after starting saracatinib and placebo respectively. Conclusions: Saracatinib, in combination with docetaxel, adds toxicity and not efficacy in mCRPC. This combination should not be developed further in combination with docetaxel in the treatment of mCRPC
CitationJones RJ, Bahl A, De Bono JS, Ralph C, Elliott T, Robinson A, et al. SAPROCAN: Saracatinib (AZD0530) and docetaxel in metastatic,castrate-refractory prostate cancer (mCRPC)—A phase I/randomized phase II study by the United Kingdom National Cancer Research Institute Prostate Group. JCO. 2021 Feb 20;39(6_suppl):107–107.
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
TypeMeetings and Proceedings