Incidence and outcomes of brain metastases in patients with extra-pulmonary neuroendocrine neoplasms
AuthorsKapacee, Zainul Abedin
McBain, Catherine A
Hubner, Richard A
Valle, Juan W
McNamara, Mairead G
AffiliationThe Christie NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, United Kingdom,
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractBACKGROUND: Brain metastases (BMs) incidence in patients with extra-pulmonary neuroendocrine neoplasms (EP-NENs) is unclear, with no available management recommendations. This study aimed to review the clinical presentation, management and survival outcomes of patients with EP-NENs and BMs at a European Centre of Excellence. METHODS: A retrospective single-centre analysis of consecutive patients with EP-NENs (Aug 2004-Feb 2020) was conducted. Median overall survival (OS)/survival from BMs diagnosis were estimated (Kaplan Meier). RESULTS: Of 786 patients, 15 (1.9%) had BMs, median age 61y (range 15–77); 8 (53%) male, primary NEN site: unknown 40%; oesophageal 13%; small bowel 13%; pancreas 13%; gastric 7%; cervix 7% and bladder 7%. Most patients with BMs had grade 3 (G3) NENs (11, 73%), 3 (20%) were G2 and 1 (7%)G1. Eight (53%) had poorly-differentiated NENs, 6 welldifferentiated and 1 not recorded. Two (13%) patients had synchronous BMs at diagnosis, whilst 13 (87%) developed BMs metachronously. Median time to development of BMs after initial NEN diagnosis: 15.9 months (range 2.5–139.5). Five patients had a solitary BM, 4 had 2–9 lesions and 6 had >10 BMs. The most commonly affected sites were the cerebrum (13, 87%), cerebellum (6, 40%), leptomeninges (2, 13%) and orbit (1, 7%). The most common presenting symptoms were limb weakness, headache, confusion, visual disturbance (each n=3, 20%), seizures (2, 13%), word-finding difficulty (2, 13%) and facial weakness/ptosis (1, 7%). Median OS from initial NEN diagnosis was 23.6-months [95%-CI 15.2–31.3]; median time to death from BMs diagnosis was 3.0-months [95%-CI 0.0–8.3]. Treatment of BMs was surgery (n=3); radiotherapy (n=6); 5 had WBRT, one localised radiotherapy (orbit). Six (40%) had best supportive care. CONCLUSION: BMs in patients with EP-NENs are rare and predominantly in G3 NENs, with diverse intracranial distribution. Although uncommon, BMs from NENs behave aggressively and greater understanding is needed to improve therapeutic outcomes.
CitationKapacee ZA, Dawod M, Allison J, Frizziero DM, Chakrabarty B, Manoharan P, et al. Ncmp-04. Incidence and Outcomes of Brain Metastases in Patients with Extra-Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Neoplasms. Neuro-Oncology. 2020;22(Supplement_2):ii123-ii4.
TypeMeetings and Proceedings