Magnetic resonance imaging sequence evaluation of an MR Linac system; early clinical experience
AuthorsEccles, Cynthia L
AffiliationThe Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, London,
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AbstractOBJECTIVES: To systematically identify the preferred magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences following volunteer imaging on a 1.5 Tesla (T) MR-Linear Accelerator (MR Linac) for future protocol development. METHODS: Non-patient volunteers were recruited to a Research and Ethics committee approved prospective MR-only imaging study on a 1.5T MR Linac system. Volunteers attended 1-3 imaging sessions that included a combination of mDixon, T1w, T2w sequences using 2-dimensional (2D) and 3-dimensional (3D) acquisitions. Each sequence was acquired over 2-7 minutes and reviewed by a panel of 3 observers to evaluate image quality using a visual grading analysis based on a 4-point Likert scale. Sequences were acquired and modified iteratively until deemed fit for purpose (online image matching or re-planning) and all observers agreed they were suitable in 3 volunteers. RESULTS: 26 volunteers underwent 31 imaging sessions of six general anatomical regions. Images were acquired in one or two of six general anatomical regions: male pelvis (n = 9), female pelvis (n = 4), chestwall/breast (n = 5), lung/oesophagus (n = 5), abdomen (n = 3) and head and neck (n = 5). Images were acquired using a pre-defined exam-card that on average, included six sequences (range 2-10), with a maximum scan time of approximately one hour. The majority of observers preferred T2-weighted sequences. The thorax teams were the only groups to prefer T1-weighted imaging. CONCLUSIONS: An iterative process identified sequence agreement in all anatomical regions. These sequences will now be evaluated in patient volunteers. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: This manuscript is the first publication sharing the results of the first systematic selection of MRI sequences for use in on-board MRI-guided radiotherapy by end-users (therapeutic radiographers and clinical oncologists) in healthy volunteers.
CitationEccles CL, Adair Smith G, Bower L, Hafeez S, Herbert T, Hunt A, et al. Magnetic resonance imaging sequence evaluation of an MR Linac system; early clinical experience. Technical innovations & patient support in radiation oncology. 2019;12:56-63.
JournalTechnical Innovations and Patient Support in Radiation Oncology
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