Immune-awakening revealed by peripheral T cell dynamics after one cycle of immunotherapy
Mundra, Piyushkumar A
Lorigan, Paul C
AffiliationMolecular Oncology Group, Cancer Research UK Manchester Institute, The University of Manchester, Alderley Park SK10 4TG
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AbstractOur understanding of how checkpoint inhibitors (CPI) affect T cell evolution is incomplete, limiting our ability to achieve full clinical benefit from these drugs. Here we analyzed peripheral T cell populations after one cycle of CPI and identified a dynamic awakening of the immune system revealed by T cell evolution in response to treatment. We sequenced T cell receptors (TCR) in plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and performed phenotypic analysis of peripheral T cell subsets from metastatic melanoma patients treated with CPI. We found that early peripheral T cell turnover and TCR repertoire dynamics identified which patients would respond to treatment. Additionally, the expansion of a subset of immune-effector peripheral T cells we call TIE cells correlated with response. These events are prognostic and occur within 3 weeks of starting immunotherapy, raising the potential for monitoring patients responses using minimally invasive liquid biopsies."
CitationValpione S, Galvani E, Tweedy J, Mundra PA, Banyard A, Middlehurst P, et al. Immune-awakening revealed by peripheral T cell dynamics after one cycle of immunotherapy. Nat Cancer. 2020;1:210-21.