Abiraterone acetate plus prednisone for the management of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) without prior use of chemotherapy: report from a large, international, real-world retrospective cohort study.
AffiliationDepartment of Urology, University of Muenster Medical Center, Albert-Schweitzer-Campus 1, GB A1, D-48149, Muenster, Germany
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AbstractBACKGROUND: With the recent introduction of novel treatment options, real-world data from patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) are required to better understand the impact on routine clinical practice. This study primarily aimed to describe the time to treatment failure (TTF) of mCRPC patients treated with abiraterone acetate plus prednisone or the corticosteroid of choice (AAP) in the pre-chemotherapy setting. Other relevant outcomes, clinical and treatment characteristics of these patients were also evaluated. METHODS: This retrospective, observational study collected data from chemotherapy-naïve mCRPC patients treated with AAP from four European countries. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to estimate TTF, progression-free survival (PFS), and time to first skeletal-related event. The impact of baseline characteristics on TTF and PFS was explored using univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard models. Log-rank test was used to assess the potential role of duration of response to ADT in predicting response to AAP treatment. RESULTS: Data from 481 eligible patients (Belgium: 68; France: 61; Germany: 150; UK: 202) were analysed. At AAP initiation, the median age of patients was 75.0?years (interquartile range [IQR]: 69.0-81.0), and the median PSA was 56.2?ng/mL (IQR: 22.2-133.1), with over 50% of patients presenting an ECOG score of 0 or 1. Visceral metastases were present in 7.5% of patients; an exclusion criterion in the COU-AA-302 clinical trial. The median TTF with AAP was 10.0?months (95%CI: 9.2-11.1) and the median PFS was 10.8?months (95%CI: 9.6-11.8). Shorter TTF was significantly associated with higher ALP (>?119?units/L), higher PSA (>?56.2?ng/mL), or poorer ECOG PS scores at AAP initiation (p <?0.05). Patients with longer duration of response to ADT (?12?months) presented longer TTF and longer time to progression (p <?0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: This European real-world study provides valuable insights into the characteristics, treatment, and outcomes of chemotherapy-naïve patients with mCRPC who received AAP in routine clinical practice. Treatment effectiveness of AAP in the real-world is maintained despite patients having poorer clinical features at initiation than those observed in the COU-AA-302 trial population.
CitationBoegemann M, Khaksar S, Bera G, Birtle A, Dopchie C, Dourthe LM, et al. Abiraterone acetate plus prednisone for the management of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) without prior use of chemotherapy: report from a large, international, real-world retrospective cohort study. BMC Cancer. 2019 Jan 14;19(1):60.