Brentuximab vedotin with chemotherapy for CD30-positive peripheral T-cell lymphoma (ECHELON-2): a global, double-blind, randomised, phase 3 trial
Illidge, Timothy M
AffiliationMemorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractErratum in Department of Error. [Lancet. 2019] BACKGROUND: Based on the encouraging activity and manageable safety profile observed in a phase 1 study, the ECHELON-2 trial was initiated to compare the efficacy and safety of brentuximab vedotin, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and prednisone (A+CHP) versus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP) for the treatment of CD30-positive peripheral T-cell lymphomas. METHODS: ECHELON-2 is a double-blind, double-dummy, randomised, placebo-controlled, active-comparator phase 3 study. Eligible adults from 132 sites in 17 countries with previously untreated CD30-positive peripheral T-cell lymphomas (targeting 75% with systemic anaplastic large cell lymphoma) were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive either A+CHP or CHOP for six or eight 21-day cycles. Randomisation was stratified by histological subtype according to local pathology assessment and by international prognostic index score. All patients received cyclophosphamide 750 mg/m2 and doxorubicin 50 mg/m2 on day 1 of each cycle intravenously and prednisone 100 mg once daily on days 1 to 5 of each cycle orally, followed by either brentuximab vedotin 1.8 mg/kg and a placebo form of vincristine intravenously (A+CHP group) or vincristine 1.4 mg/m2 and a placebo form of brentuximab vedotin intravenously (CHOP group) on day 1 of each cycle. The primary endpoint, progression-free survival according to blinded independent central review, was analysed by intent-to-treat. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01777152. FINDINGS: Between Jan 24, 2013, and Nov 7, 2016, 601 patients assessed for eligibility, of whom 452 patients were enrolled and 226 were randomly assigned to both the A+CHP group and the CHOP group. Median progression-free survival was 48.2 months (95% CI 35.2-not evaluable) in the A+CHP group and 20.8 months (12.7-47.6) in the CHOP group (hazard ratio 0.71 [95% CI 0.54-0.93], p=0.0110). Adverse events, including incidence and severity of febrile neutropenia (41 [18%] patients in the A+CHP group and 33 [15%] in the CHOP group) and peripheral neuropathy (117 [52%] in the A+CHP group and 124 [55%] in the CHOP group), were similar between groups. Fatal adverse events occurred in seven (3%) patients in the A+CHP group and nine (4%) in the CHOP group. INTERPRETATION: Front-line treatment with A+CHP is superior to CHOP for patients with CD30-positive peripheral T-cell lymphomas as shown by a significant improvement in progression-free survival and overall survival with a manageable safety profile. FUNDING: Seattle Genetics Inc, Millennium Pharmaceuticals Inc, a wholly owned subsidiary of Takeda Pharmacuetical Company Limited, and National Institutes of Health National Cancer Institute Cancer Center.
CitationHorwitz S, O'Connor OA, Pro B, Illidge T, Fanale M, Advani R, et al. Brentuximab vedotin with chemotherapy for CD30-positive peripheral T-cell lymphoma (ECHELON-2): a global, double-blind, randomised, phase 3 trial. Lancet. 2019 Jan 19;393(10168):229-40.
- Brentuximab vedotin in the front-line treatment of patients with CD30+ peripheral T-cell lymphomas: results of a phase I study.
- Authors: Fanale MA, Horwitz SM, Forero-Torres A, Bartlett NL, Advani RH, Pro B, Chen RW, Davies A, Illidge T, Huebner D, Kennedy DA, Shustov AR
- Issue date: 2014 Oct 1
- Incorporation of brentuximab vedotin into first-line treatment of advanced classical Hodgkin's lymphoma: final analysis of a phase 2 randomised trial by the German Hodgkin Study Group.
- Authors: Eichenauer DA, Plütschow A, Kreissl S, Sökler M, Hellmuth JC, Meissner J, Mathas S, Topp MS, Behringer K, Klapper W, Kuhnert G, Dietlein M, Kobe C, Fuchs M, Diehl V, Engert A, Borchmann P
- Issue date: 2017 Dec
- Brentuximab vedotin plus bendamustine in relapsed or refractory Hodgkin's lymphoma: an international, multicentre, single-arm, phase 1-2 trial.
- Authors: O'Connor OA, Lue JK, Sawas A, Amengual JE, Deng C, Kalac M, Falchi L, Marchi E, Turenne I, Lichtenstein R, Rojas C, Francescone M, Schwartz L, Cheng B, Savage KJ, Villa D, Crump M, Prica A, Kukreti V, Cremers S, Connors JM, Kuruvilla J
- Issue date: 2018 Feb
- Rituximab-dose-dense chemotherapy with or without high-dose chemotherapy plus autologous stem-cell transplantation in high-risk diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLCL04): final results of a multicentre, open-label, randomised, controlled, phase 3 study.
- Authors: Chiappella A, Martelli M, Angelucci E, Brusamolino E, Evangelista A, Carella AM, Stelitano C, Rossi G, Balzarotti M, Merli F, Gaidano G, Pavone V, Rigacci L, Zaja F, D'Arco A, Cascavilla N, Russo E, Castellino A, Gotti M, Congiu AG, Cabras MG, Tucci A, Agostinelli C, Ciccone G, Pileri SA, Vitolo U
- Issue date: 2017 Aug
- Brentuximab vedotin or physician's choice in CD30-positive cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (ALCANZA): an international, open-label, randomised, phase 3, multicentre trial.
- Authors: Prince HM, Kim YH, Horwitz SM, Dummer R, Scarisbrick J, Quaglino P, Zinzani PL, Wolter P, Sanches JA, Ortiz-Romero PL, Akilov OE, Geskin L, Trotman J, Taylor K, Dalle S, Weichenthal M, Walewski J, Fisher D, Dréno B, Stadler R, Feldman T, Kuzel TM, Wang Y, Palanca-Wessels MC, Zagadailov E, Trepicchio WL, Zhang W, Lin HM, Liu Y, Huebner D, Little M, Whittaker S, Duvic M, ALCANZA study group.
- Issue date: 2017 Aug 5