Venous thromboembolism with EGFR monoclonal antibody necitumumab in stage IV non-small cell lung cancer: a retrospective cohort analysis.
AffiliationPrincess Margaret Cancer Centre, University of Toronto, 610 University Avenue Toronto, Ontario, M5G2M9, Canada
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractAbstract INTRODUCTION: Metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a recognized risk factor for VTE. Some systemic treatments may increase this risk further. Here, we present the risk of VTE and its prognostic significance for patients treated with chemotherapy (chemo) and the EGFR monoclonal antibody necitumumab (neci) for metastatic NSCLC. METHODS: Four trials of 1st-line treatment for Stage IV NSCLC were analyzed: two randomized phase 3 studies of cisplatin/gemcitabine ±neci in squamous NSCLC (SQUIRE: N = 1079) and cisplatin/pemetrexed ±neci in non-squamous NSCLC (INSPIRE: N = 616); JFCL (N = 161), a randomized phase 2 trial of carboplatin/paclitaxel ±neci in squamous NSCLC; and JFCK (N = 61), a single arm phase 2 trial of cisplatin/gemcitabine +neci in squamous NSCLC. A Cox proportional hazards model with VTE as a time-dependent covariate was used for overall survival (OS) analyses. RESULTS: Neci + chemo was associated with an increased risk of VTE (Relative Risk [RR]: 1.579; 95% CI: 1.155-2.158). History of VTE (RR: 1.899; 95% CI: 1.142-3.156) and prior cardiac/cardiovascular events (RR: 1.514; 95% CI: 1.102-2.082) were associated with increased risk of VTE. Decreased VTE risk was seen with: male sex (RR: 0.696; 95% CI: 0.502-0.964), eastern European geographic region (RR: 0.387; 95% CI: 0.267-0.562) and squamous cell pathology (RR: 0.653; 95% CI: 0.483-0.883). VTE occurrence showed no association with OS (HR: 1.121; 95% CI: 0.930-1.351). CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that certain patient characteristics such as prior history of VTE and non-squamous histology might be associated with an increased risk of on-treatment VTE in NSCLC, although in this study, overall survival was not affected. Further studies to develop measures for identifying high-risk patients are needed to inform treatment decisions as well as VTE management and prophylaxis.
CitationVenous thromboembolism with EGFR monoclonal antibody necitumumab in stage IV non-small cell lung cancer: a retrospective cohort analysis. 2018, 167: 50-56 Thromb Res
- Efficacy and Safety of First-Line Necitumumab Plus Gemcitabine and Cisplatin Versus Gemcitabine and Cisplatin in East Asian Patients with Stage IV Squamous Non-small Cell Lung Cancer: A Subgroup Analysis of the Phase 3, Open-Label, Randomized SQUIRE Study.
- Authors: Park K, Cho EK, Bello M, Ahn MJ, Thongprasert S, Song EK, Soldatenkova V, Depenbrock H, Puri T, Orlando M
- Issue date: 2017 Oct
- An Open-Label, Randomized, Controlled Phase II Study of Paclitaxel-Carboplatin Chemotherapy With Necitumumab Versus Paclitaxel-Carboplatin Alone in First-Line Treatment of Patients With Stage IV Squamous Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer.
- Authors: Spigel DR, Luft A, Depenbrock H, Ramlau R, Khalil M, Kim JH, Mayo C, Chao GY, Obasaju C, Natale R
- Issue date: 2017 Sep
- Correlation of EGFR-expression with safety and efficacy outcomes in SQUIRE: a randomized, multicenter, open-label, phase III study of gemcitabine-cisplatin plus necitumumab versus gemcitabine-cisplatin alone in the first-line treatment of patients with stage IV squamous non-small-cell lung cancer.
- Authors: Paz-Ares L, Socinski MA, Shahidi J, Hozak RR, Soldatenkova V, Kurek R, Varella-Garcia M, Thatcher N, Hirsch FR
- Issue date: 2016 Aug
- Necitumumab plus gemcitabine and cisplatin versus gemcitabine and cisplatin alone as first-line therapy in patients with stage IV squamous non-small-cell lung cancer (SQUIRE): an open-label, randomised, controlled phase 3 trial.
- Authors: Thatcher N, Hirsch FR, Luft AV, Szczesna A, Ciuleanu TE, Dediu M, Ramlau R, Galiulin RK, Bálint B, Losonczy G, Kazarnowicz A, Park K, Schumann C, Reck M, Depenbrock H, Nanda S, Kruljac-Letunic A, Kurek R, Paz-Ares L, Socinski MA, SQUIRE Investigators.
- Issue date: 2015 Jul
- Necitumumab plus pemetrexed and cisplatin as first-line therapy in patients with stage IV non-squamous non-small-cell lung cancer (INSPIRE): an open-label, randomised, controlled phase 3 study.
- Authors: Paz-Ares L, Mezger J, Ciuleanu TE, Fischer JR, von Pawel J, Provencio M, Kazarnowicz A, Losonczy G, de Castro G Jr, Szczesna A, Crino L, Reck M, Ramlau R, Ulsperger E, Schumann C, Miziara JE, Lessa ÁE, Dediu M, Bálint B, Depenbrock H, Soldatenkova V, Kurek R, Hirsch FR, Thatcher N, Socinski MA, INSPIRE investigators.
- Issue date: 2015 Mar