Resistance to BRAF inhibitors induces glutamine dependency in melanoma cells.
Van Den Broek, N
Girotti, Maria Romina
AffiliationMolecular Oncology Laboratory, Cancer Research UK Manchester Institute, The University of Manchester, Wilmslow Road, Manchester M20 4BX,
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AbstractBRAF inhibitors can extend progression-free and overall survival in melanoma patients whose tumors harbor mutations in BRAF. However, the majority of patients eventually develop resistance to these drugs. Here we show that BRAF mutant melanoma cells that have developed acquired resistance to BRAF inhibitors display increased oxidative metabolism and increased dependency on mitochondria for survival. Intriguingly, the increased oxidative metabolism is associated with a switch from glucose to glutamine metabolism and an increased dependence on glutamine over glucose for proliferation. We show that the resistant cells are more sensitive to mitochondrial poisons and to inhibitors of glutaminolysis, suggesting that targeting specific metabolic pathways may offer exciting therapeutic opportunities to treat resistant tumors, or to delay emergence of resistance in the first-line setting.
CitationResistance to BRAF inhibitors induces glutamine dependency in melanoma cells. 2015: Mol Oncol