• Pneumoperitoneum following percutaneous biliary intervention: not necessarily a cause for alarm.

      Amonkar, Suraj J; Laasch, Hans-Ulrich; Valle, Juan W; Manchester Radiology Training Scheme, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK. surajamonkar@hotmail.com (2009-04-21)
      Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC) is a well-established technique for assessing and treating obstructive jaundice. Plastic and self-expanding metal stents can be deployed as an alternative when ERCP is not feasible or hilar strictures require an antegrade approach. Complication rates of percutaneous procedures are low, and are usually related to bile leakage or hemorrhage; pneumoperitoneum following PTC is rare and is usually taken to indicate bowel perforation. We describe two cases of pneumoperitoneum without peritonitis following PTC and stenting, both of which resolved spontaneously with conservative management. The literature is reviewed and possible causes discussed.