• Assessment of letrozole and tamoxifen alone and in sequence for postmenopausal women with steroid hormone receptor-positive breast cancer: the BIG 1-98 randomised clinical trial at 8·1 years median follow-up.

      Regan, M; Neven, P; Giobbie-Hurder, A; Goldhirsch, A; Ejlertsen, B; Mauriac, L; Forbes, J; Smith, I; Láng, I; Wardley, Andrew M; et al. (2011-11)
      Postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive early breast cancer have persistent, long-term risk of breast-cancer recurrence and death. Therefore, trials assessing endocrine therapies for this patient population need extended follow-up. We present an update of efficacy outcomes in the Breast International Group (BIG) 1-98 study at 8·1 years median follow-up.
    • Evaluation and prognostic significance of circulating tumor cells in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer.

      Krebs, Matthew G; Sloane, Robert; Priest, Lynsey; Lancashire, Lee J; Hou, Jian-Mei; Greystoke, Alastair; Ward, Timothy H; Ferraldeschi, Roberta; Hughes, Andrew; Clack, Glen; et al. (2011-04-20)
      Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) lacks validated biomarkers to predict treatment response. This study investigated whether circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are detectable in patients with NSCLC and what their ability might be to provide prognostic information and/or early indication of patient response to conventional therapy.
    • Lessons from the comparison of two randomized clinical trials using gemcitabine and cisplatin for advanced biliary tract cancer.

      Furuse, J; Okusaka, T; Bridgewater, J; Taketsuna, M; Wasan, H; Koshiji, M; Valle, Juan W; Department of Internal Medicine, Medical Oncology, Kyorin University School of Medicine, Shinkawa, Mitaka, Tokyo, Japan. (2011-10)
      There had been no standard chemotherapy established for advanced biliary tract cancer (BTC) until 2009, when the combination of cisplatin and gemcitabine (GC) was adopted as a first line standard chemotherapy option based on the results from two randomized studies: ABC-02, a UK investigator-initiated trial and the largest randomized phase III study in this tumor type with 410 patients; and BT22, a Japanese, industry-sponsored, randomized phase II study with 83 patients. In this review, investigators from both studies collaborated to compare protocols, patient characteristics, and outcomes of both studies including sub-analyses of study results. Although both studies showed GC combination therapy to be more effective than monotherapy, a detailed comparison revealed disparities between efficacy and safety end-points between the studies, which did not necessarily arise from different populations but from differences in protocol design. This review provides clinicians with insights for advanced BTC clinical study design and interpretation of historical studies.
    • A phase 2 study of SP1049C, doxorubicin in P-glycoprotein-targeting pluronics, in patients with advanced adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and gastroesophageal junction.

      Valle, Juan W; Armstrong, Anne C; Newman, C; Alakhov, V; Pietrzynski, G; Brewer, Julie; Campbell, S; Corrie, P; Rowinsky, E K; Ranson, Malcolm R; et al. (2011-10)
      To evaluate the antitumor activity of SP1049C, a novel P-glycoprotein targeting micellar formulation of doxorubicin, consisting of doxorubicin and two non-ionic block copolymers (pluronics), in patients with advanced adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and gastroesophageal junction (GEJ). Patients and
    • Second cancer risk after chemotherapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma: a collaborative British cohort study.

      Swerdlow, A J; Higgins, C D; Smith, P; Cunningham, D; Hancock, B W; Horwich, A; Hoskin, P J; Lister, T A; Radford, John A; Rohatiner, A Z S; et al. (2011-11-01)
      We investigated the long-term risk of second primary malignancy after chemotherapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) in a much larger cohort than any yet published, to our knowledge.
    • Sunitinib malate for the treatment of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.

      Raymond, E; Dahan, L; Raoul, J; Bang, Y; Borbath, I; Lombard-Bohas, C; Valle, Juan W; Metrakos, P; Smith, D; Vinik, A; et al. (2011-02-10)
      The multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor sunitinib has shown activity against pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors in preclinical models and phase 1 and 2 trials.
    • Vandetanib plus pemetrexed for the second-line treatment of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: a randomized, double-blind phase III trial.

      de Boer, Richard H; Arrieta, Óscar; Yang, Chih-Hsin; Gottfried, Maya; Chan, Valorie; Raats, Johann; de Marinis, Filippo; Abratt, Raymond P; Wolf, Jürgen; Blackhall, Fiona H; et al. (2011-03-10)
      Vandetanib is a once-daily oral inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor and epidermal growth factor receptor signaling. This randomized, placebo-controlled phase III study assessed the efficacy of vandetanib plus pemetrexed as second-line therapy in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer.
    • YY1 expression predicts favourable outcome in follicular lymphoma.

      Naidoo, Khimara; Clay, V; Hoyland, J A; Swindell, Ric; Linton, Kim M; Illidge, Timothy M; Radford, John A; Byers, RJ; School of Cancer and Enabling Sciences, Faculty of Medical and Human Sciences, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK. (2011-02)
      Follicular lymphoma is the second most common type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma worldwide. The majority of patients diagnosed as having follicular lymphoma have an indolent form of the disease, but a subset of patients have aggressive disease with a shorter survival interval. Optimal treatment stratification requires a distinction between these two groups, though there are presently few prognostic biomarkers available. The transcription factor YY1 has been shown to play an important role in cancer biology. The authors have previously reported a correlation of Yin Yang 1 (YY1) mRNA levels with survival in FL. This study aimed to validate these findings at the protein level.