• Clinical outcome for chemoradiotherapy in carcinoma of the cervix.

      Spensley, Saiqa; Hunter, Robin D; Livsey, Jacqueline E; Swindell, Ric; Davidson, Susan E; Department of Clinical Oncology, Christie Hospital, Manchester, UK. saiqa.spensley@slh.ie (2009-02)
      AIMS: Two recent meta-analyses have shown a survival advantage for the addition of concurrent chemotherapy to radiotherapy in the treatment of cervical cancer. However, there is insufficient information available on late toxicity and few data from UK practice. The aims of this study were to examine treatment outcomes (survival and toxicity) in patients with cervical cancer treated with chemoradiation and to compare these with outcomes in patients treated with radiation alone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between July 2000 and December 2003, 75 patients with cervical cancer were treated with chemoradiation. Case notes were reviewed retrospectively. Acute and late toxicity were recorded, with late toxicity graded using the Franco-Italian glossary. The median age was 47 years. All patients were staged with examination under anaesthesia and magnetic resonance imaging scans. Forty-two patients were treated with concurrent chemoradiation alone and 33 patients were treated with a combination of neoadjuvant and concurrent chemoradiation. This was due to waiting list problems. The chemotherapy used was cisplatin 40 mg/m(2) weekly with radiotherapy, (the neoadjuvant dose was 60 mg/m(2) 3 weekly). External beam radiotherapy was given to the pelvis (40-45 Gy/20 fractions/4 weeks) followed by low dose rate brachytherapy (22.5-32.5 Gy to point A). Patients who were unable to have brachytherapy were given an external beam boost (15-20 Gy/8-10 fractions). RESULTS: The 3-year overall survival rate was 70%, with an estimated 5-year overall survival rate of 60%. The 3-year disease-free survival was 63.6%, with an estimated 5-year disease-free survival rate of 55%. Compared with the cohort of 183 patients from the Christie Hospital in a 1993 audit, there was a trend towards improved overall survival from 49 to 60% (P=0.06), which may become significant with longer follow-up. There were seven patients (9.3%) with grade 3 toxicity and no cases of grade 4 toxicity. In comparison with patients treated in the 1993 audit, the late toxicity rate has increased from 3.4 to 9.3%, but this was not statistically significant (P=0.14). CONCLUSION: There was a trend towards improved survival with concurrent chemoradiation in this cohort of patients that may become significant with longer follow-up.