• Association between hepatic steatosis and serum IGF1 and IGFBP-3 levels in a population-based sample.

      Völzke, Henry; Nauck, Matthias; Rettig, Rainer; Dörr, Marcus; Higham, Claire E; Brabant, Georg E; Wallaschofski, Henri; Institute of Community Medicine Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine Institute of Physiology Department of Internal Medicine B, University of Greifswald, Greifswald D-17487, Germany. voelzke@uni-greifswald.de (2009-11)
      CONTEXT: It is assumed that hepatic steatosis plays a role in the development and progression of the metabolic syndrome and its cardiovascular sequelae. Low serum IGF1 levels might mediate these associations. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were i) to investigate the associations of hepatic steatosis with serum IGF1 and IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) levels using ultrasound and serum alanine aminotransaminase (ALT) data to define hepatic steatosis, and ii) to analyze the specific role of alcohol consumption in this context. DESIGN: We analyzed data from the population-based Study of Health in Pomerania. METHODS: We used data from 3863 subjects (1971 women) aged 20-79 years who had no history of viral hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, or malignant diseases. Liver hyperechogenicity was diagnosed using ultrasound. Serum IGF1 and IGFBP-3 levels were determined by automated two-site chemiluminescence immunoassays. RESULTS: Hyperechogenic liver pattern was associated with low serum IGF1 levels and low serum IGF1/IGFBP-3 ratios. The lowest serum IGF1 and IGF1/IGFBP-3 values and highest IGFBP-3 levels were present in subjects who had a hyperechogenic liver pattern and increased serum ALT levels. All of these associations were independent of alcohol consumption. CONCLUSIONS: Our data show that hepatic steatosis is associated with low serum IGF1 levels. This association is independent of alcohol consumption.