• CD34+AC133+ cells isolated from cord blood are highly enriched in long-term culture-initiating cells, NOD/SCID-repopulating cells and dendritic cell progenitors.

      De Wynter, Erika A; Buck, D; Hart, Claire A; Heywood, R; Coutinho, Lucia H; Clayton, Alison J; Rafferty, Joseph A; Burt, Deborah J; Guenechea, G; Bueren, J A; et al. (1998)
      The AC133 antigen is a novel antigen selectively expressed on a subset of CD34+ cells in human fetal liver, bone marrow, and blood as demonstrated by flow cytometric analyses. In this study, we have further assessed the expression of AC133 on CD34+ cells in hemopoietic samples and found that there was a highly significant difference between normal bone marrow and cord blood versus aphereses (p <0.0001) but not between bone marrow and cord blood. Most of the clonogenic cells (67%) were contained in the CD34+AC133+ fraction. Compared with cultures of the CD34+AC133- cells, generation of progenitor cells in long-term culture on bone marrow stroma was consistently 10- to 100-fold higher in cultures initiated with CD34+AC133+ cells and was maintained for the 8-10 weeks of culture. Only the CD34+AC133+ cells were capable of repopulating NOD/SCID mice. Human cells were detectable as early as day 20, with increased levels (67%) apparent 40 days post-transplantation. Five thousand CD34+AC133+ cells engrafted about 20% of the mice, while no engraftment was observed in animals transplanted with up to 1.2 x 10(5) CD34+AC133- cells. The CD34+AC133+ population was also enriched (seven-fold) in dendritic cell precursors, and the dendritic cells generated were functionally active in a mixed lymphocyte reaction assay. AC133+ cells should be useful in the study of cellular and molecular mechanisms regulating primitive hemopoietic cells.
    • Retroviral transfer and expression of human MDR-1 in a murine haemopoietic stem cell line does not alter factor dependence, growth or differentiation characteristics.

      Heyworth, Clare M; Gagen, D; Edington, Kirsten G; Fairbairn, Leslie J; CRC Experimental Haematology Group, Paterson Institute for Cancer Research, Christie Hospital NHS Trust, Manchester, UK. (2002-01)
      In view of the recent report of a myeloproliferative syndrome in mice that had received an MDR-1-transduced haemopoietic graft, we have investigated the potential effects of MDR-1 expression on primitive haemopoietic cell growth and differentiation. Retroviral gene transfer was used to achieve exogenous expression of either MDR-1 or truncated nerve growth factor receptor (tNGFR) in the multipotent murine haemopoietic progenitor cell line, FDCP-mix. Following gene transfer, clonal lines were derived and FACS analysis confirmed appropriate expression of each transgene. MDR-1 (but not tNGFR) expression was associated with verapamil-sensitive rhodamine efflux and resistance to killing by etoposide. When growth factor responsiveness, proliferative capacity and differentiation capacity were examined, MDR-1 expressing FDCP-mix cells exhibited a normal phenotype and mimicked the response of tNGFR-expressing or untransduced FDCP-mix cells. Thus, in the model system we have used, MDR-1 does not perturb haemopoietic cell growth and development and our data do not support a myeloproliferative role for MDR-1.