• A phase II open-label study of DHA-paclitaxel (Taxoprexin) by 2-h intravenous infusion in previously untreated patients with locally advanced or metastatic gastric or oesophageal adenocarcinoma.

      Jones, Robert J; Hawkins, Robert E; Eatock, Martin M; Ferry, David R; Eskens, Ferry A L M; Wilke, HansJochen; Evans, T R Jeffry; Centre for Oncology and Applied Pharmacology, Beatson Oncology Centre, Western Infirmary, University of Glasgow, UK. (2008-03)
      PURPOSE: Combination chemotherapy regimens can improve survival in patients with advanced gastric and oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)-paclitaxel is a novel conjugate formed by the covalent linkage of the fatty acid DHA to paclitaxel and may result in increased tumour exposure to paclitaxel without increased toxicity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this single arm, phase II study of DHA-paclitaxel, eligible patients with previously untreated, inoperable locally advanced or metastatic adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus, oesophago-gastric junction or stomach were treated with DHA-paclitaxel (1,100 mg/m(2)) administered by 2-h intravenous infusion every 21 days. RESULTS: Fifty-four patients were recruited of whom 53 were evaluable for toxicity, and 48 for response. There were five confirmed partial responses (9.4%) by the RECIST criteria. The median duration of response was 87 days (range 49-97 days), the median time to progression was 84 days (95% CI 78-124 days), and median overall survival was 262 days (95% CI 205-357 days). Grade >or=3 neutropaenia occurred in 93% of patients, and febrile neutropaenia in 17% of patients. CONCLUSIONS: DHA-paclitaxel has modest activity in patients with oesophago-gastric cancer and with haematological toxicity that is comparable to paclitaxel and docetaxel.
    • Phase II study of troxacitabine in chemotherapy-naive patients with advanced cancer of the pancreas: gastrointestinal tumors.

      Lapointe, R; Létourneau, R; Steward, William P; Hawkins, Robert E; Batist, G; Vincent, M; Whittom, R; Eatock, Martin M; Jolivet, Jacques; Moore, M; et al. (2005-02)
      BACKGROUND: Troxacitabine (Troxatyl) is a novel L-enantiomer nucleoside analog with activity in pancreatic cancer xenograft models. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Troxacitabine 1.5 mg/m(2) was administered by 30-min infusions daily x5 every 4 weeks to 54 patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. Patients were evaluated for objective tumor response, time to tumor progression (TTP), changes in tumor marker CA 19-9, survival, safety, pain, analgesic consumption, Karnofsky performance status and weight change. RESULTS: Median TTP was 3.5 months (95% CI 2.0-3.8), median survival 5.6 months (95% CI 4.9-7.4), and the 1 year survival rate 19%. Best responses were stable disease in 24 patients with eight patients having stable disease for at least 6 months (15%). A 50% or greater decrease in CA 19-9 was seen in seven of 44 assessed patients (16%). Grade 3 and 4 neutropenia were observed in 37% and 30% of patients with one episode of febrile neutropenia. The most common drug-related non-hematological toxic effects reported were cutaneous, with 22% and 6% of patients reporting grade 2 and 3 skin rash, respectively and 4% grade 2 hand-foot syndrome. CONCLUSION: Troxacitabine administered by a bolus daily x5 monthly regimen has modest activity in advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma.