• Real-world experience of regorafenib in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma: A multicenter United Kingdom study

      Ross, P. J.; Ma, Y. T.; Palmer, D. H.; Lythgoe, M. P.; Merrick, S.; Samson, A.; Rao, A. R.; Basu, B.; Prasad, D.; Dhillon, T.; et al. (2020)
      Background: Regorafenib was the first treatment to demonstrate a survival benefit in patients with HCC after progression on sorafenib. The RESORCE trial found that regorafenib improved overall survival with acceptable toxicity, in patients with disease progression on sorafenib who tolerated '400mg sorafenib daily and had Child-Pugh A liver function. Methods: We performed a multicentre, retrospective, observational study of patients with HCC receiving regorafenib in the UK, following its availability in April 2018. Results: Data on a total of 104 patients were included from April 2018'August 2019, and 80.8% were male. Age was collected in 85 patients, with a median of 68 years (range 22'86). 23.5% had NAFLD, 21.2% had ALD, 12.9% had HBV, and 3.5% had HCV. Prior management included sorafenib (100%), TACE (30.8%), resection (12.9%). Duration of sorafenib treatment was evaluable in 99/104 patients, and reported a median of 8.7 months (range 1.8'76.6). Duration of regorafenib treatment was evaluable in 92/104 patients, and reported a median of 3.9 months (range 0.0'15.7). Following treatment with regorafenib, 6 patients (5.8%) achieved partial response, 37 (35.6%) achieved stable disease and 45 (43.3%) had progressive disease as the best response. 15 (14.4%) were not assessed and 1 (1.1%) had mixed response. Survival data is immature with 62/101 (61.4%) patients alive at the time of census with median survival currently 6.5 months. Fatigue was the most frequent AE, with 69/88 patients (85.2%) for all grades. 12/88 patients (14.8%) had Grade 3 fatigue. Other significant AEs include hand-foot syndrome (6/85 patients [7.3%] had Grade 3) and diarrhoea (4/83 patients [4.9%] had Grade 3). Conclusions: The population in our real-world experience of regorafenib for HCC had a similar duration of prior sorafenib to those in the RESORCE trial. However, there was different balance of aetiologies with a lower proportion of patients with HBV and HCV. The rate of partial response is similar to the RESORCE trial with fewer patients achieving stable disease. The incidence of fatigue was higher, but the incidence of hand-foot syndrome and diarrhoea were lower. Further expansion and follow-up of this population is warranted.