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A new water soluble derivative of 4,5'-dimethylangelicin as a potential agent for photochemotherapy.Guiotto, A; Rodighiero, P; Pastorini, G; Bordin, F; Baccichetti, F; Carlassare, F; Vedaldi, D; Dall'Acqua, F; Land, Edward J (1981-07)A water soluble derivative of 4,5'-dimethylangelicin (I) having a long chain linking an amino group to the planar furocoumarinic moiety, that is 4'-N,N-dimethylaminoethoxymethyl-4,5'-dimethylangelicin (III), has been prepared. This compound is able to form effectively the intercalated complex with DNA like the previously prepared 4'-aminomethyl-4,5'-dimethylangelicin (II), however while the compound (II) showed very poor photobinding to DNA, the new derivative (III) shows high photobinding to the macromolecule. It is proposed that these data illustrate the importance of the geometry of intercalation for the subsequent covalent photobinding to the macromolecule. Also some photophysical data of (II) and of (III) appear to confirm the critical role of the position assumed by the chromophore of the two compounds when intercalated in duplex DNA. The compound (III) displays high photobiological effects, also in terms of antiproliferative activity as shown by its capacity to inhibit DNA and RNA synthesis in Ehrlich cells, the growth of an E. coli culture and the infectivity of T2 phage. (III) on the basis of these properties seems to deserve a clinical evaluation of its potential photochemotherapeutic activity in the treatment of psoriasis.
Photochemical, photophysical and photobiological properties of some methylallopsoralens which are potential agents for photochemotherapy.Vedaldi, D; Dall'Acqua, F; Guiotto, A; Caffieri, S; Baccichetti, F; Knox, C N; Truscott, T G; Land, Edward J; Universita di Padova, Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Padova, Italy (1987-08-13)Two new trimethylallopsoralens, 4,7,4'- and 4,7,5'-trimethylallopsoralen, form molecular complexes with DNA and by successive UVA (320-400 nm) irradiation photobind monofunctionally to the macromolecule. The DNA photobinding rates at 365 nm and photobinding quantum yields at 330 nm are markedly higher for 4,7,4'-trimethylallopsoralen than for 4,7,5'-trimethylallopsoralen. Their capacities to generate singlet oxygen in water and benzene are low, particularly for 4,7,4'-trimethylallopsoralen, and the two trimethylallopsoralens completely lack skin phototoxicity on guinea-pig skin. Both compounds show antiproliferative activity in terms of DNA synthesis inhibition in Ehrlich cells and T2 phage infectivity higher than that displayed by angelicin. In view of its monofunctional character, lack of skin phototoxicity, low singlet oxygen yield and antiproliferative activity, 4,7,4'-trimethylallopsoralen deserves further clinical studies as a potential photochemotherapeutic agent.